Skip to main content

Full text of "The Rio News"

See other formats

The Rio News 


voi. vin. 

RIO DE JANEIRO, MAY 4 th, 1881 

Number 13 


AMERICAN LEGATION.— aa.Rua do Marques d'Aorantes 


BRITISH LEGATION'.— Mo. i, Ruade Leao, Larnngeiras. 

Visconde dc Iiihauma. THOMAS ADAMSON, 
Consul General. 


Consul General. 


ENGLISH CHURCH.— Rim do Evarislo da Veiga. Services 
•at 11 o'clock, a. m., and 7 o'clock, p. m., every Sunday. 

Rttuitnce.— La&tira do Sa, Laraugtirtts. Chaplain. 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.— N?is Travcssa da Bnrreira. 
Services in Portuguese am o'clock, a. m.,and 7 o'clock, 
p. in., every Sunday: mid at 7 o'clock p. 


SAILORS MISSION— 163 Run da Sailde; 3rd floor. Ser- 
vice, at a p. in. every Sunday. 





successors to 

Dulley, Miller & Brunton. 
Importers and Commission Merchant*. 

Santos and SAo Pauio. 


Mechanical Engineer 
curitYba, pkov. Of Parana. 


WM. D. CARSON, Proprietor. 

General Shipping and Commission Merchants 

; 1,3 WAL.I, STREET 




RCttlve and' formrd parcel, lo and from Rio de Janeiro 
and New-York. 

OKce in N.»-York, No. ap, Burling SlnX 

1 Office in Rio de Janeiro, No. 8, Rua Sao Pedro. 



Agent for the 

•"DOMESTIC" and 

' &ROVE<R &■ QAKE<R 

N, ti._E.eey article penainias 10 Sewing Machine, and 
their use coMtaotly on hand. 


in tkepr 


ictpal towns of the surrounding proi 

The introduction of goods of American manufacture into this 
market for competition with those of European origin, lias been 
lor many years-a specialty of their business, aft- references to 
the various manufacturers they represent,— which are kindly 
permitted,— will demonstrate the unequalled facilities they pos- 
ies* and have succesfiutly employed t» ihi* purpose. 

Further agencies, suitable to then- lines of business, hard- 
ware, machinery, amnestic goods,, specialities etc., etc., are 
lesnrtiuUr solicited, a cash bans being readily conceded 
yfHwevtt ffeeiatami txclntivt conditions are tenderedby 


. The trip which the Emperor has just 
taken through the province of Minas 
Geraes. following that oflast year into the 
interior of Paranii, has unquestionably 
raised some doubts in his mind as to the 
progress of this empire during his long 
reign of torty years. It is unfortunate per- 
haps that his first trips through these" prov- 
inces should have occurred in the closing 
hours of so long and so peaceful a reign, and 
that the practical results of that reign should 
be brought to his attention at a time when 
it is almost too late to retrieve the errors 
which have been made. 

In visiting' the province of Parand, his 
first introduction was to the little village, by 
courtesy a city, of Paranagud, whose crumb- 
ling walls, deserted buildings and grass- 
grown streets told the sad story of decadence 
and ruin. Standing at the entrance of one 
of the most beautiful bays of the world, and 
at the gates of a province possessing great 
natural wealth and a genial climate, it 
should have told another story. Its streets 
should have been alive with trade and in- 
dustry, and its port should have been 
filled with the white sails of all nations. 
Instead there was nothing to be seen but 
the ruins of a more active and prosperous era, 
the apathy and neglect and stagnation of 
.the present. 

Going into the interior, his majesty found 
nothing but wretched roads, neglected 
dwelling places and a poor, apathetic popu- 
lation. He saw everywhere the decaying 
signs of past prosperity, even to the totally 
deserted sites of populous villages. And 
he saw around him a people who had lost 
all independence of character, and who 
looked helplessly, to the imperial and pro- 
vincial governments for even the most or- 
dinary services belonging to their every-day 
community lite. 

During his recent visit into the interior 
of Minas Geraes the same general aspect of 
decadence and retrogression met his gaze. 
He saw the lack of public spirit, the total 
want of individual character and enterprise. 
Although broken by mountain ranges and 
covered, with extensive tracts of sterile land, 
he found a great province full of mineral 
wealth, traversed by fertile river valleys 
capable of producing the greatest variety of 
products, and a climate surpassed by but 
few localities in the world. - And yet, the 
same general appearance of decay met him 
almost at every step. The roads are no 
belter, if as good, as they were in colonial 
times, one hundred years ago. The planta- 
tion houses of colonial times still stand, but 
around them the land lies sterile and aban- 
doned, or half cultivated by slaves. The 
towns along the roads into the mining dis- 
tricts are now but the melancholy reminders 
of those early days when.their streets were 
full of life and business activity. As the 
Emperor rode through them be must have 
seen the deserted shops on whose crumb- 
ling threshold- the grass 1ms grown for 
years ; he must have seen through broken 
shutters tlie mouldy, decaying interior of 
many a desolate house from which all life and 
hope died out in years, long since passed; he 
must have seen the grass-grown streets which 

are deserted and lifeless except when some 
blaring politicat parade or some mediaeval 
religions procession comes winding through 
them ; he must have seen the degradation of 
their people into whose lives no ambition 
nor noble impulse ever comes, who toil 
neither for self nor country, and who live in 
idleness, squalor, and crime. And with all 
this, he must have seen the signs of another 
civilization and another industrial life which 
ceased to exist years ago, and whose ruins 
now lie scattered about him. 

Within these forty years of his reign there 
has been an almost unbroken peace. The 
world has been steadily growing in wealth, 
and in its instruments for acquiring wealth. 
The advancement of civilization has dcvelbp- 
ed better systems of government, purer sys- 
tems of religion, higher systems of educa- 
tion, and nobler types of individual character. 
And yet, throughout every province of this 
empire except one, there are seen the mel- 
ancholy signs of industrial decadence. As 
in the provinces of Minas Geraes and Pa r- 
and so too in those others of the north are 
seen. the mould of stagnation and decay. 
The ruins of another civilization are found 
even where the ceaseless streams of trade are 
flowing in and out. In the very vicinity of 
the imperial capital can be found the re- 
mains of agricultural industries* which are 
to-day unknown; and within a distance of 
fifteen miles can be found a large town, 
better built than the majority of its neigh- 
bors, which is to-day half deserted and in 
ruins. Instead of a young country just 
entering into the community of nations 
with all the vigor of fresh blood and new 
life, the empire of Brazil shows all the 
decrepitude and decay of old age. It can 
not be an agreeable sight to an Emperor 
whose personal ambitions and aspirations 
are of so high a character, but- the waving 
of flags and bursting of fireworks can not 
hide the melancholy sight, and he must now 
see that there has been some elements in 
his reign which have not been in harmony 
with the progress of the age. 

It is true that within the past forty years 
the population of this empire has been 
doubled and that her foreign commerce has 
been increased nearly twenty fold. It is 
true that her politicat position among the 
nations of the world is far higher than then, 
and that the Emperor has won a high place 
among their sovereigns. It is true that 
railways have been built and telegraph lines 
erected, and that a few leading cities possess 
many of the instrumentalities which char- 
acterize a high state of civilization. But at 
the same time industry has been narrowed 
into a very few channels, the bulk of for- 
eign commerce passes through the hands of 
strangers who absorb the profits, and the 
revenue of the country has been increased 
from sixteen thousand to one hundred and 
ten thousand contos, or an increase of seven 
fold in taxation, These results have not 
come in with the winds and the rains, nor 
have they sprung from the soil. They are 
the outgrowth of institutions which have 
been nourished and protected at the expense 
of the nation, until like parasitic plants they 
crush the sturdy trunk that has upheld 

What these institutions are, and what to 
do with them, must now be the problem in 
the closing years of a half century's reign. 
The blight of slavery rests upon the produce 
tive industries of the entire nation, and it 
must be removed. The iron hand of the 
Roman church rests upon the people, and 
it,, too, must be removed. The wasteful 
and repressive system of bureaucratic govern- 
ment, centering in the imperial capital, 
weighs upon the political and industrial 
development of the whole empire, and it 
also must be changed. Many opportunities 
have been lost in these forty years to reform 
these evils and to build up this empire on a 
more substantial and lasting foundation, 
and the empire has unquestionably lost 
many an opportunity to take a higher rank 
among the nations of the world. The evils 
have now outgrown any casual opportunity 
to crush them and their results are apparent 
to every eye. It is not an easy task to 
retrace one's steps and to begin one's work 
anew, but from that there is now no alter- 
native, i 

At ti meeting of, the Canadian House of Com- 
mons on March 8th, Sir John A. Mncdonald stated 
that the Brazilian government had formally granted 
a fifty -tlionsiiiuUlollai' subsidy lo a> line of steamers 
which is to ply ,be|i(ecn. Canada anil Brazil, a 
similar amount having been placed in, the estimates ' 
lieforc the House for that purpose as a subsidy 
from the Canadian government. A company lias 
Ikuii in London for providing a monthly 
steamship service between Montreal and 'Brazilian 
ports. It is named the "Canadian and Brazilian 
Direct Mail Steamship Company," with "a capital 
of ,£280,000. It proposes to at once put four 
steamships of 2,000 Ions each upon the line and , 
thus earn the subsidy. Independent of tins subsidy 
the company is to enjoy the rights and privileges of 
vessels carrying mails, in the shape of exemption 
Irom port charges and other imposts. 


Almost at our very doors, within three days and 
a few hours distance of New Orleans, lies one of the 
greatest and the most productive coffee regions on 
the planet. But a few miles from Vera Cruz, in 
Mexico, is situated Cordova, which lies within a 
short mile of the railroad that connects the capital 
of the republic with the gulf coast. Here the cof- 
fee tree thrives in a congenial soil. From Cordova 
to Orizaba, and from one side to the other of the 
great valley in which the former town is situated, 
both the soil and the climate are favorable to the 
production and perfection of coffee trees. -In the 
interior stales of San Luis Potosi and Aguas Cal- 
ientes, Nucvo Leon and Zacntecas, the coftee tree 
thrives and is productive, but not so much so as in 
thegutf states of Vera Cruz and Tabasco, and the 
states of Colima, Michaocan, Sinaloa and Guerrero, 
which border on the Pacific ocean. The very 
finest coffee region, not only of Mexico but most 
probably of the whole world, is found at Uruapani, 
a little! village in the state of Michoacan. At this 
place the coffee tree attains a size and productiveness 
unequalecl in any other part of the planet, while the 
quality of the l>erry is superior to the best grown in 
Java, and is at least equal to the finest produced in 
Arabia Felix. New Orleans is the nearest American 
market for the coffee harvests of Mexico, yet thous- 
ands of bags arc annually sent to Europe and 
Northern ports of the United .Stales. But when 
railroad communication shall be established with this 
country this trade will probably be divided between 
St. Louis and the Crescent City, while, the latter 
mart will undoubtedly furnish the entire South with 
this precious production of our fair southern sister 
republic. — New Orleans Democrat. 


,t, \-..', .■-.'. \\K '■.'•,. >., y;i.U-\vV. ','.'-.- 



After making all due allowance for the 
differences ol location, products and pop- 
ulation, upon whichever side thay may fall, 
there is much of value and interest in a com- 
parison between the agricultural production 
of the state of Illinois and the whole empire 
of Brazil. We make the comparison, imperfect 
as it must necessarily he, not from a wish 
to say unkind things of an industry here 
which has had unusual difficulties and bur- 
dens to contend with, hut irom the wish 
to show what an essentially agricultural 
community can do, and how futile have 
been the artificial means here employed to 
accomplish the same result. There is an 
erroneous belief, and it is ! not an uncom- 
mon one, that agriculture is not a wealth- 
producing industry in comparison with the 
many other occupations which men com- 
monly choose. An examination of the 
returns of the state of Illinois for 1880, 
however,. must lead to another conclusion. 
Under favoring conditions— which arc found 
everywhere in Brazil— intelligent agriculture 
is one of the most profitable occupations 
into which men can enter, not only through 
the direct returns from the labor expended, 
but from the low average of risk through 
terms ol years. The enormous value of the 
agricultural products of Illinois means a 
large per capita income for the whole popu- 
lation, and in that one result lies the source 
of a country's permanent prosperity. 

In their physical characteristics there is 
a wide difference— a difference in the favor. 
ol the one in location, social development, 
and fertility of soil, but of the other in ex- 
tent, population, and in the diversity of its 
soil, climate and productions. Illinois has an 
area of 55,414 square miles and a popula- 
tion according to the last census of 3,083,- 
326. Brazil, on the other hand, has an area 
of 3. 218,750 square miles, and a population 
somewhere between ten and eleven millions,: 
or nearly six times the area and over three 
and one-half times the population of Ill- 
inois. As between two such countries there 
should be ho other comparison than that of 
averages and percentages, but yet the agricul- 
tural development of the one, and the indus- 
trial errors of the other, have been carried 
to such an extreme that a comparison of 
aggregates can be made to the great ad- 
vantage of the smaller and less populous 

According to tables prepared by the 
secretary^ the Illinois state board of agricul- 
ture for the calendar year 1880, the number 
and value of horses, cattle, hogs and sheep, 
and the quantity and value of farm products 
for that year were as follows: 

large areas of land, this total would have 
been still further increased, probably to the 
round sum of $260,000,000. 

In the last rdatorio of the minister of 
finance, the quantities and values of the 
national products exported during the fiscal 
year 1878-79— the last year for which the 
export of the whole empire is given— were 
as follows : 

terprise, individual impulse. The govern- 
ment must do less; the planter must do 
more. If the Brazilian planter will imitate 
the example of the Illinois farmer, such 
comparisons as the above will soon be of 
the past. 

1878-79 quantity 

of. value 

Coffee, kilos 216,022,823 


Sugal-, „ 146,857,810 


Rubber, „ 6,170,943 


Cotton, , 25.487,259 


Hides, „ 10,481,296 


Tobacco ,, \,,, 19,881,045 


Mate, ,, 13,722,390 

2,715.624 nuts 3,507,044 


Wood, pieces 15,084,360 


Gold, grams 1,602,628 


Diamonds ,, I2 i599 


Diverse products.. . . 


Total official value, 


Deduct export of gold anddiam. 


\<ld 25% for products consumed 

200,890, 709 







Hogs 3,800,364 


Sheep 964,696 






Wheat, „ 56,508,309 



Rve > 2,737,159 



Potatoes, ,, 647,811 


Hay, tons 3,486,584 


Orchard products, 306,096 acres , 

under cultivation 


Dairy products, estimated 



From- this it will be seen that the total 
value of the live stock produced during the 
year 1880 was ,$50,182,654, and lhat of the 
various farm products, exclusive of garden 
products and small fruits, was £206,642,255 
—making a grand total of 5256,824,909. 
Had an account been rendered of the value 
of garden products and small fruits, both of 
which give occupation to many hands and 

Tola] production 251,113,386 
Or, at par of 27 pence $136,697,543 

at present excli, of 21 d. $105,465,513 
The totals here given include many art- 
icles which can not be properly classified 
among the agricultural productions of the 
country, but as the official statistics group 
them all together .into one item, "diverse 
products, " it is impossible to determine 
their amount. As there arc many small 
products which dolnot enter into the list of 
exports, it may be, considered that the two 
classes balance each other, and that the total 
iven is approximately correct. The allow- 
ance of twenty-five per cent, for the value 
of those agricultural products which arc 
consumed at home will at first sight be 
deemed too low, but when it is remembered 
that coffee forms about 55 per cent., and 
the first six articles, in the above table about 
84 per cent, of the total export; wheri it is 
remembered that Brazil imports all her (iour,; 
nearly all of her rice, a large percentage of 
corn, all her hay, ninetcen-twenticlhs of 
her jerked beef and dried fish, and very 
nearly all of such articles of consumption 
as potatoes, canned vegetables, etc., etc.,— 
when all these facts are considered it will be 
seen that 25 per cent, is too large instead 
of too small an allowance. In addition we 
have here specified several forest products to 
a total value of 14,678,208$, which should 
not enter into a list of agricultural produc- 

A comparison between these two results 
shows that upon a fair valuation the agri- 
cultural product of the slate of Illinois is 
considerably more than twice that of Brazil. 
The state of Illinois has never known the 
dwarfing influence of slavery nor the restric- 
tive influence of the great proprietorships. 
Land is cultivated in large or small csla te 
according to the ability of the cultivator, 
the great part of the land being held ami 
owned by small farmers. The transfer of 
property is made easy, and the state provides 
for the registry and protection of titles. 

Transportation is cheap and rapid, and is 
unencumbered with any useless formalities. 
Labor is honorable and honored, the most 
successful farmers not only supervising their 
estates but actually working in the fields 
themselves. The use of labor-saving mach- 
inery is universal. The hand of the gov- 
ernment is unseen and unfelt. 

It is not difficult for our Brazilian readers 
to draw the parallel in this case, and to 
determine many ofthe causes which have led 
to the meagre results of Brazilian agricul- 
ture. The evils which have weighed upon 
this industry are principally artificial, and 
can be removed. It is useless to attempt 
further to build up a prosperous industry on 
the system now in vogue; another must be 
There mast be free labor, free cn- 


A special general meeting of the shareholders of 
the company was held at the City Termtnus Hotel, 
London, on March 14, to consider Ihe confirmation 
of resolutions to the effect that Ihe capital of the 
company he ,£50,000, divided into shares ol^t 
each; empowering the directors 10 call in all shares 
or certificates for shares, and to issue instead shares 
or certificates for shares of the company of £1' 
each; and authorizing Hie directors to allot and issue 
the shares as they might deem fit. 'Ihe chairman* 
Mr; Henry Haymen, before pulling ihe resolutions, 
referred lo various criticisms in Ihe press, and said 
Hint, condensed, they amounted lo this, that the 
original patent of Mr. Henley (the English com- 
pany) was, comparatively speaking, worthless. His 
answer to that was thai Ihe English company had 
proved that the cost of manufacturing [he patent 
date coffee did not exceed a certain sum, and they 
had actually entered into contracts for the sale of 
the entire male of the company at a price which 
would, he said, leave a profit of 100 per cent, to 
the parent company, irrespective altogether of ihe 
sale ol patents made or which might be made. In 
reply to other hostile criticisms, and, alter alluding 
to the large sales already of "the stuff" he asserted 
that Mr. Henley's patent was unassailable. It had 
been stated that £10,000 had been spent in a fort- 
night in advertising a subsidiary company, but the 
amount was under ,£2,000. No secret was made 
of the fact that when ihe company was registered 
the chairman, the solicitor, and the patentee took 
2,000 shares each; bat lhat, be said, showed their 
confidence in the company. The committee of the 
Stock Exchange, however, objected, and therefore 
they disposed of some, nnd the directors at present 
held about 3,000 of the shares. Something had 
been said about ihe French company and Ihe Ger 
man company. The directors did not intend that 
they should work in an antagonistic spirit 10 Ihe En- 
glish company, and force their produce on Ihe En- 
glish market so as to depreciate the value of Ihe 
English company. He had not Ihe shadow of a 
doubl ttiat the dividend would lie a hundred per 
cent. That was the estimate he made some lime 
ago; but since then they had made one or two dis- 
coveries which greatly advanced the value of the 
article, one being that it need not be sold in 
tins, but could be sold with a profit in tins of 2</., 
30% 4/f., and 6S. each. Another and very impor- 
tant matter was that they could now make it into 
cakes, so that a piece might lie broken off, and when 
put into hot water there was Ihe cap ol coffee at 
once. And, again, Ihey had found by mixing a 
small proportion of the chocolate bean Willi the dale 
coffee and puttitigit into aspecial process they could 
produce the finest chocolate. In conclusion, he 
moved the resolutions as above. The motion was 
seconded and carried, after the chairman had re- 
plied to a few questions; and at a subsequent meet- 
ing resolutions were passed authorizing the directors 
lo carry out an agreement made between the com- 
pany and Mr. R. M. Hillier, on behalf of Ihe Ger- 
man Date Coffee Company, and to divide the 
purchase-money of £50,000 as either dividend or 
bonus among the shareholders of the company. 

it. Indeed, Mr. Morris thinks that from its more 
robust and prolific character, and from the gener- 
ally more economic treatment to Which it is amen- 
able, it is quite possible that jls cultivation will 
prove even mote remunerative than the high priced 
varieties of Arabian coffee. Mr. ' Morris's remarks 
on the propagation of Liberian coffee, on the cli- 
mate, temperature, soil, aspect, and shade most 
suitable, will be of the greatest value to planters. 

At the present time, when the attention; of her., 
majesty's government has again been directed to 
the ineffectual character of the measures adopted 
for the suppression of the slave trade in coiintries 
over which the sovereigns ofTurkey and Egypt hold 
dominion, it must not be forgotten that "the aboli- 
tion of slavery," on which popular demagogues 
delight no expatiate, is, in a great measure, a 
delusion. There are many countries throughout 
the world, claiming to be civilized, where this bar- 
barons institution still exists. In Brazil the evil is 
notorious; and the other day Senhor Jonquim Na- 
buco-was entertained to breakfast by the president 
of Ihe British and Foreign Anti-Shivery Society, at 
the Charing Cross Hotel, in recognition of his ■ 
efforts to bring about total emancipation in the 
country lo which he belongs. By a law passed in 
1831 Ihe slave trade in Brazil was distinclly made 
illegal. By another more stringent act, passed in 
1850, Ihe slave trade was said to have come to an 
end. Then, byan extraordinary act passed in 1871, 
those mho were, then in slavery were to continue lo 
be so, but all born after lhat should be accounted 
free, but for 25 years were to be subject 10 an ap- 
prenticeship. According 10 Senhor Nabuco, private 
beneficence has lar outstripped the attempts of Ihe 
slate 10 reduce Ihe number of Ihe slaves, and l 
thousands of liberations have been freely granted 
This is as it oughl to be. More depends on ihe 
efforts of ihe people than any net of legislation, and 
ihe society with which Senhor Nabuco is connected 
ought to do a vast amount of good in protecting 
the oppressed and gaining liberty for all who truly 
deserve it. It is all very well .0 argue that many.; 
ol the slaves are lar. .teller off lhan they could pos.' 
sibly be if ihey were freemen; bet as Cowper says 1 
"Freedom lias a thousand charms'V show, 
Which slaves, howe'er contented, never know." 
—British Mercantile Gazette, March 31. 



The director of the public gardens and planta- 
tions of Jamaica, Mr. Morris, has recently pub- 
lished an interesting work entitled Wafer on Li/ierim 
Coffee. After giving a history of this variety, 
and describing the success which has attended its 
cultivation in Ihe East and West Indies, Mr. Morris 
quotes the opinions of several planters to show 
that it cannot he grown successfully under the same 
condilionsas regards elevation and climate as the 
best varieties of Arabian coffee. Having its home 
on the western coast of Africa, and flourishing in 
ihe rich, fat lands extending from ihe fool of the 
hills to the seaside, it is essentially a low-country 
plant. Wherever it has been tried under cultivation 
in lite East and West Indies it has shown a decided 
preference for the "warm, moist, and stimulating 
climate" of the plains. One £>eat thing about it is 
lhat although it actually, possesses no immunity 
from Ihe deadly coffee-leaf disease, it is, neverthe- 
less, able lo l>ear its effects much more success- 
fully than C. amiiea, and on this account alone it 
deserves careful attention in all coffee-growing 
countries. With regard 10 its commercial value Mr. 
Morris thinks it will probably be lower than the 
best varieties of Arabian, but he slates thai it is the 
opinion of experienced coffee dealers that "the 
Lilierian bean will ultimately find its level along- 
side Java and native descriptions selling at about 
oar. p.r cwt." This does not necessarily involve a 
lower return for Hie capital and attention devoted to 

Argentine bonds are quoted on the London stock 
exchange at, say, 92 ex-coapon, and 12 million dol- 
lar, have been sold at 82, bearing 6 per cent, inter- 
est. At the same lime, British 3 per cent, bonds 
are at 991,; French 5 per cent, consols at 120 fes 
70 c; and ihe United States are able 10 refund their 
debl at 3^ per cent. It is worth while to under- 
stand clearly Ihe reasons why, under such a con- 
dilion of the money market of Ihe world, Argen 
tine bonds bearing 6 per eenl. Ihe eslimation 
of the Argentine government, worth 82, and in 
Ihe opinion of the slock exchange, worth 92 It 
is, plainly, nol because the resources of (his iountry 
are not sufficiently great to sustain confidence in 
our ability to p,y.„ ur obligations, for countries, far 
less able lo pay, have a higher credit. What, then, 
is the reason for this anomalous state of affairs ? In 
our opinion, the difference between the above 
quotation on Ihe stock exchange and, fo, example, 
the credit of Chile in the time of peace, i, the 
world's opinion of the war-risk and the discrediting 
influence of an inconvertible paper money. We 
venture to say thai, had we a currency based upon 
and convertible into gold, and had we a guarantee 
of peace, our 6 per cent, bonds would be more than 
102, instead of 82 or 92. The only menace of peace 
come, from Chile. T„ ,hi, d i r ec,io„ there are 
clouds and doubt. There is a pretly prevalent feel- 
ing abroad lhat we shall drift into a war. While 
we see and confess the gravity of the situation, we 
do not believe there will be war. This would he 
supreme folly and great wickedness which we are 
not prepared to believe the two republics capable 
of commuting, but this the world does not see and 
their doubts may be read in Ihe slock exchange 
quotation. Then, too, we discredit ourselves by 
consenting to monetary Ixinkruptcy in circulating 
notes lhat we do „ot even try lo pay, and this has a 
powerful influence on our credit. Give the republic 
peace at home and abroad, and give it »n honest 
and gold currency for n basis, and uniform guar- 
anteed notes for purpose, of business and exchange, 
and our credit and prosperity would he fat stronger 
than they are to-day. Tresident Jiocn can compass 
bolh ends, and if he does, his administration will 
stand out in bold relief, and wilh golden letters Will 
Us honors be preserved in honor.-Ar/rn.j Aire, 

The February reduction of the United States 
public debt was $11,843,155.51. 

Thl indications are that the Uni'ed . State, will 
receive a half million of emigrants .during the pres- 
ent yea,r. 

^ ■ L _„ . - 


—The March receipts of the Manaos custom 
house were 28,4i8$69o* 

— A German colonist named Bielmeyer was as- 
sassinated on the 17th ult. on the Santa Barbara 
fazenda, Amparo, S. Paulo. 

— Many ol the immigrants sent to the Sao Paulo 
barracks have found work on the railways arid 
plantations of that province. 

—The provincial government of Rio tie Janeiro 
has appropriated the sum of 8,000$ for repairing 
the roads between Mage" andTheresopolis. 

—The wall of the Campinas jail was broken 
through on the morning of the 23rd ult. and n 
slave, convicted of murder, made his escape, 

—The "Saea-Rulhas" club of Rio Grandc'cel- 
ebrated on t!ie 21st ult. the three-hundred -and - 
eighty-first anniversary of the discovery of Brazil. 

— A few years ago Francisco dos Reise Silva, a 
resident of Campanha, Minas Geraes, was a slave 
belonging to Raphael dos Reis e Silva. To-day he is 
a free man, a qualified voter, and the owner of land: 
to the value of some 6,000$. And yet we are told 
that the emancipated slaves will not work. 

— The Diario, of Campinas, Sao Paulo, relates 
that a quarrel took place between two brothel 
Benedicto and Raymundo do Rosario on the 20th 
ult. at Mogy-mirim in which llenediclo was killed 
with a blow from his brother's knife. The fratricide 

—A planters' club, composed of planters, mer- 
chants, lawyers and doctors, was organized at Par- 
abyba do Sul on the 20th ult. A local sheet fears 
that the objects of the organization arc chiefly pol- 

The March receipts of the Para custom house 

amounted to a total of 455,242$4<x>, against 507,- 
o68$SS5 for the same month of last year. This 
total is 8o,639$S33 below 'he receipts for February. 
—The residents of Sao Jeronymo, Rio Grande do 
Sul, have sent a representation to the provincial 
assembly in favor of the 7 per cent, guarantee on 
the capital invested in working the Arroio dos 
Ratos eoal mines. 

— On the 20tb an attempted assassination took 
place near Valenca in which a man named Mesquita 
was stabbed by a slave who had come with him from 
Campo Hello, The wounded man went into Valenca, 
entered his complaint at the police headquarters, 
and was sent to the hospital. The police have since 
announced that Mesquita is one of the individuals 
recently concerned in the rumored rising of slaves 
at Canpo Bello. '* 

—There seems to be some slight soreness at 
Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, because one of the 
lucky winners of the Ypiranga sorte grande failed 
to distribute his money around. After drawing his 
450,000$, the young man sent 9,500$ back to Pel- 
otas, 5,000$ of which went to the brokers who sold 
him the ticket. The Correio Mercantil thinks, how- 
ever, that "a little is better than nothing;" and as 
the good people of Pelotas have no claim whatever 
on the young man's money, we are inclined to 
think so too. 

—The Diario de Pelotas says that Colonel La- 
torre has sent a telegram to Montevideo offering to 
retire from Jaguariio, Rio Grande, and not to return 
to Montevideo, providing Colonel Santos will with- 
draw from his house' and leave the Uruguayan 
' government in the hands of President Vidal. The 
Uruguayans received this message with great en- 
thusiasm. President Vidal, however, says that lie 
will sustain Santos, and a special ambassador has 
been sent to the Brazilian government to ask the 
internment of Latorrc. 

—For the fiscal year 1879-80 the treasury balance 
sheet of the province of Amazonas shows the follow- 
ing receipts and expenditures : 

Regular receipts. ........ 1,015,831^104 

Deposits 137.664 453 

-Malignant fevers are reported to be raging at 
Caruarii, Pernambuco. 

— There have been regular and heavy rains in the 
province of Ceara during the past month. 

— The number of qualified voters at Santarem, 
Para, under the new electoral regulations, is 158. 

— The provincial assembly of Amazonas was 
opened on the 4th nit. , with an attendance of twelve 

—At latest advices the provincial assembly of 
Alagoas was holding preparatory sessions because 
of inability to get a quorum together. 

■ — According to the relatorio of the provincial 
president of Amazonas the treasury balances on the 
1st of March amounted to 802,000$, ■ 

—The March receipts of the Parnahyba (Pinuhy) 
custom house amounted to 6,3i8$8qi, and of the 
provincial collector's office 757$9<>3. 

—The president of Ceara has authorized the 
emission of provincial apolices to the amount of 
100,000$ in accordance with the law of July 


— It is announced that an epidemic similar to that 
which has been so fatal in Vassouras, has recently 
broken out at Commercio, on the Dom Pedro II 

— The internal revenue receipts of the provincial 
collector's office of Ceara during the first quarter of 
this year amounts Io8i,i86$i75, against 99,o6q$76i 
for the same period of last year. 

— The postoflice at Pindamonhangaba, Sao Paulo, 
was broken into during the night of the 27th ult. 
and rubbed to the amount of 30$. The worthy 
postmaster has proceeded to make investigations. 

— On the 25th ult. the vicar at Casa Branca was 
fired upon by some concealed individual and sev- 
erely wuuiuled. Some forty shot were afterwards 
taken out of his left side and shoulder. The would- 
be assassin escaped, of course. They always do. 

—Notoriety has at last fallen upon that cluster 
of huts known as Igapimirim, province pf Para. An 
Englishman named Charles Fort has recently re- 
ceived a beating there from the hands of two bare- 
footed patriots, and the Juiz of the place has been 
compelled to run for his life. 

— A question having arisen between the city 
council of Manaos, Amazonas, and the provincial 
president with reference to some petty dispute about 
city administration, the former has resolved to 
make a representation to the imperial govern- 

—On the occasion of a religious procession at 
Pernambuco on the night of the 15th ult. the thieves 
and pickpockets improved the opportunity to gather 
in a good harvest. The principal victims were the 
Women who were foolish enough to wear their 
jewelry on such an occasion, one of them having 
even the rings pulled from her ears. 

— A scheme is on foot 111 Rio Grande do Sul and 
the neighboring Argentine provinces for the cutting 
of a canal between the Parana and Uruguay rivers, 
through that part of Argentine territory known as 
the Missoes. The distance is 10 leagues and the 
estimated cost 4,000,000$. The projectors ask only 
the right to collect toll for a term of years. 

—The Santa Catharina correspondent of the 
Cruzeiro says that the directors of the Dona Theresa 
Christina railway are building a wharf at Imbetuba 
for the discharge of vessels bringing material for 
the road. 

Balance from 1878-79.. 

49.238 555 

1,202,734 112 

Regular expenditures.... 709,0238205 

Deposits withdrawn. ..... 138,362 161 

847,385 366 

Balance carried over to 1880-81 355-348 746 

— On the occasion of the Emperor's visitlo Sao 
Joao do Morro Grande, Minas Geraes, about the 
middle of last month, Mr. Charles Henry Williams, 
of Cocoes, director of the National Brazilian Min- 
ing Co. (in liquidation), granted letters of freedom 
to four of the compahy's slaves, the papers being 
presented by his majesty. Mr. Williams expresses 
a hope that he will soon be able to free all the 
slaves belonging to this old English association. 
On the same occasion a memorial was presented to 

'■■ the Emperor by Mr. Williams with respect to the 
Catta Branca slaves so long held in illegal slavery 

; by the Morro Velho company, to \vh0mi9-years 
wages are due according to the decision of- the 
courts, ' , 


—The January storms in England cost the Great 
Western railway the total sum of £ 56,000. 

—The January receipts of the Sao Paulo and Rio 
de Janeiro railway amounted to 94,4321270, and 
the expenditures to 68,777$423. 

—The March receipts ol the "Recife ao S. Fran- 
cisco" railway amounted to I4i,095$6i;, and the 
expenditures to 57. 2 47$7° 6 - 

— The government has accorded its approval to 
the changes made in the line of the Rio Verde 

—A meeting of the shareholders of the S. Paulo 
and Rio de Janeiro line is called to meet on the 
22nd init. 

—We believe we are correct in stating that, 
including the extra lines laid down over a large 
portion of their system, and the vast number of 
sidings, the London and Northwestern Company 
maintain the astonishing amount ol no less than 
10,000 miles of railway. The capital embarked in 
this vast aggregate amounts to no less a sum than 
£ 100,000,000, while its average weekly receipts 
fall little short of ^200,000. The company annually 
carry nearly 50,000,600 passengers and between 
30,000,000 and 40,000,000 tons of merchandise and 
minerals, in the conveyance of which their trains 
run 25,000,000 miles, while ihere are employed 
Upward of 2,000 engines, 3,000 carriages, and 
nearly 50,000 goods-wagons and other vehicles of 
various descriptions, to say nothingof a magnificent 
fleet of steamers, a stud of between 2,000 and3,ooo 
horses, and last, though not least, an army of 
50,000 men. — Exchange. 
— An imperial decree of the 2nd inst. approves 

From the Herald, Buenos Aires, April 14. 

— Jujuy is the richest province of the republic in 
natural resources. 

— The length of the Catalinas mole is to be 
increased 1200 metres. 

— The population of Buenos Aires at the end of 
Match, was estimated at 274,886 souls. 

— Sig, Ferrari's opera company will be here on 
the 1st prox,, and the first opera will be sung on 
the loth of May. 

— It is believed still, that Messrs. Rothichild, the 
wealthy bankets, have an agent here contracting 
with the general government lor the colonization 
of lands, and the building of railways, though of 
course not on anything like the fabulous scale 
spoken of not long ago. 

— La Industrial, a manufactory of tobacco in 
Montevideo, has been burned. The losses are 
estimated at 80,000 dollars gold. A watch-making 
shop alongside was also burned. The fire lasted 
five hours, in which time about a quarter of a block 
of buildings was destroyed. Happily there were 
no personal accidents. 

— The old steamer Part of Buenos Ayres, but 
now called Dos Hermanos, has been lost in Fitzroy 
channel in the straits ofMagellnn, having been 
driven on the rocks in a storm. She was insured 
in offices in this city. Mr, Slant, now in this city, 
will lake a diver down and attempt to raise her. 

—Authentic information from Santa-Fe" reports 
wheal scarce and high. There will be none to come 
down, the river, and very little flour, for the very 
good reason that it will pay better to keep it for the 
home market. 

—The provincial Riachuelo loan, issued at 90 
percent., payable in gold, is not being taken up, 
and there is no probability that it will be. An 
internal gold loan is one which would meet with 
difficulty in any case, and with us it is unnecessary, 
as paper money will be used in the completion of 
the works. 

— Mr. Beaumont is succeeding admirably 
ostrich farming, with African ostriches. Incubation 
has been successful, and all the feathers find quick 
sale in the home markets. Some of the finest 
feathers which grace the prettiest hats worn by the 
fairest Portefias, are grown and prepared in this 

—The bids for furnishing 800 tons of steel rails 
for the Western railway has been awarded to two 
houses— Mr. Cockcrell, of Lisle, Belgium, and Mr. 
Cammell, Sheffield, England, each 400 tons, at /6 
12s. 6d., delivered at Antwerp and Liverpool. This 
is a low price lor steel rails. The highest bid was 
£10. Mr. Cruzot did not bid, having too much 
to do. 

—After deducting all working expenses, &c, it 

has been shown that the Central Argentine railway 

has gained during the last three years: 

$f. 319,262 87 in 1878. 

„ 366,202 25 ,, 1879. 

„ 636,186 53 ,, 1880. 

A great part of which notable increase is attributed 

to our commerce with Bolivia. 

—During the fust quarter nf this year, the 
receipts of'thc Western railway, have been 12,125,- 
476*75. The cash on hand on the 1st of January 
having been 8,564^37, the whole forms 12,134,- 
04i$i2, The disbursements during the same period 
having been io,5o6.759$75 there remains a balance 
on hand of i,627,28i$37 up to the end of March. 

—The ex -commissary of the Ocampo colony, 
Mr. N. Andrews, was arrested on Friday, on the 
passenger mole, as he was about to take the steamer 
for Europe. The arre*t was made by order of the 
minister of foreign affairs, and the charge is the 
very serious one of having hanged a colonist, atler 
submitting him to the most cruel torments. 

—Messrs. V. Sicard & Co. are announced to have 
received advices to the effect that a French bank, 
with a capital of ten million francs, subscribed by 
various influential and wealthy capitalists, is about 
to be established here. It is added that all the lead- 
iii^ French firms in this market have showed their 
confidence in the success of the undertaking by 
subscribing largely for shares. 

—Our colleague La Liberlad calls attention , to 
what it not inaptly terms the scandal of the day, 
showing how, according to the budget sanctioned 
by the provincial deputies, it is proposed to spend 
85 millions currency per annum. This unwar- 
rantable increase of expenditure arises from the 
facts that the Governor's salary, which was $20,000 
per month, has been raised to $30,000, and that 
of the Vice-Governor from $15,000 to $20,000. An 

Governor's secretary, with $4,000 per month, has 
been created, and the stipend of the deputies, which 
was $40,000 per annum, has been increased, by 
themselves, to $60,000. To meet this deficit, for 
which there is absolutely no occasion, the tax on 
rural property has been increased 20 per cent. 
From the Herald, Buenos Aires, April 23, i88rv- 

— Eight new proposals have been submitted to 
the government for the founding of agricultural and 
industrial colonies in the Chaco. 

— Quarantine is still imposed on all arrivals from 
Rio Janeiro, where, we are sorry to say, the yellow 
fever appears to have taken a turn for the worse. 

— The entire judicial system which prevails in 
this republic, would disgrace the middle ages. It is 
so bad that the public get on only by remaining in 
ignorance ordnrkness concerning it. 

— The state of the camps in Entre Rios and Cor- 
rientes, though naturally flowing with milk and 
honey, is every d-iy growing more dangerous owing 
to the lawless bands of marauders who are unmo- 
lested by the law. 

— The fever to expropriate the Southern railway, 
is manifestly growing in force and extent, which is 
all the greater pity since we have so much better 
use for all our capita! and skill. 

— The captain of the port lias fined all vessels 
not having buoys to anchor with, although no notice 
has been given to the consuls or captains, and when 
well known that such a demand has not been 
made or known of for a long lime. This kind of 
snap-judgment is not creditable, and partakes loo 
much of the appearance that money from mult as is 

— Three Danish gentlemen arc going down to 
Patagonia in the Villarino to spy out the land with a 
view of establishing a Scandinavian colony, if the 
prospect is pleasing. We sincerely hope they will 
come, for they are the best of immigrants. 

The rise of progress in Mexico within the past 
few months is unparalleled in the history of civil- 
ization. A year ago the country seemed to be 
without prospect or ambition of advancement. To- 
day it is vocal with hum of industry and eloquent 
with indications of improvement upon a grand and 
striking scale. Railroads are springing up. Eight 
thousand men are working on one road to run north 
from the city of Mexico lo the Rio Grande. Seven 
thousand men are working on another which is to 
run northwest to meet the Southern Pacific. Other 
thousands are clearing the pathway, felling forests 
and bridging torrents lor a' railway from the capital 
to the Pacific Ocean. Smaller roads are reaching 
out into the mining district, the rich agricultural 
fields of San Luis Potosi, the magnificent dome of 
Yucatan. In all more than thirty thousand men arc 
at this moment toiling at the structure ol 'Mexico's 
commercial greatness, and the iron bands which are 
to unite the two republics are being lorged white we 
eat and sleep. Almost/before we realize it, Mexico 
will be in fact our next door neighbor. We shall 
have two or three direct communications by rail, 
half a dozen steamship lines, daily mail, and con- 
stant social and commercial intercourse— and all 
this with a country which, up lo this moment, has 
been more of a stranger to us than Italy or Switz- 

People discover that the upper classes' of the 
capital are refined, cultured, and polished; that their 
life is one of elegance and luxury; that their homes 
are charming, graceful and pure. They find that 
the Mexicans are anxious to place their country in 
the march ol progress, to encourage the introduc- 
tion of capital and to promote the domiciliation of 
the peaceful arts and sciences, And thus, with a 
start, as it were, our capitalists, our business men, 
our speculators have awakened to the importance ol 
Mexico in the grand economical problem of the gen- 
eration. — Acre Orleans Democrat. 

A strong free trade movement is taking place In 
Spain, with which many prominent men are iden- 
tified. A commercial treaty with England and tariff 
reforms in Cuba are principal features in the move- 

Thirteen vessels, with an aggregate tonnage of 
21,554 tons, were launched from- the Clyde ship- 
yards in February. . . 

provisionally tile tariffs of the Limoeiro railway ol increase of $200,000 in office expense, has keen 


auctioned. The heretofore unknown office of 

TilKlate SirGeorge Colley, before leaving Durban 
to take command of the troops m South Africa, ap- 
pointed a commission to inquire into the causes which 
have led to the failure of coffee cultivation in the 
colony of Natal; to report whether, in the opinion of 
the commissioners, those causes are such as to render 
the cultivation of coflee commercially unremuhei- 
ative, and if such is nut their opinion to make such 
suggestions for the removal of the causes, or for the 
amelioration of the conditions under which the 
coffee-planting interest has hitherto failed of success, 
as may, in their opinion lead to making coffee 
cultivation an important factor in the agricultural 
prosperity ol the colony. 


.:,a.t ...j-i,:.,. :v-- ■.■:■.■-'..■.■',:.•.■- h. > ■..'■ ,; ':.-■; v •■ '.*'V -.''>;•■' -M. 



"— *"^ 



The Rio News 


oh the eye of departure of the American packet, 

the French packet of the 15th., and Royal 

Mail packet of the '24th, of the month, 

Contains a summary of news and a review of Brazilian affairs 
a list of ihe arrivals and departures of foreign vessels, tile com- 
mercial report and price current of [he market, a table oflreightu 
aid charters; and all other information necessary to a correct 
■ ittlgmcnt on Brazilian trade. 

Subscription for one 

■riiibly in nikitu. 

year in Brazil so$ooo 

do . for fix months do io£ooo 

do for one year ill the United States, $10.00 

do for six months do do $ 5.00 

do for one year in Great Jlritain, £2 o o 

do for six months do do £1 a o 

SINGLE COPIES; Goo reSs ; for sale at the office 0: 
publication, or at the English Book Store, No, 0; Una do 

All subscriptions must nut with the calendar year. 
Hack numbers supplied at this office from April 1st. 1879. 
Subscriptions and advertisements, received at the 
Agents In New York; 


ig.| Broadway. 

Rio dk Janeiro, May 4th, 18S1, 

Coitsla-nos that the State Department at 
Washington is contemplating the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Volney B. Smith, formerly 
constt! at St. Thomas, as consul-general at 
this port. We have no positive information 
as yet ot the formal appointment, but it is 
highly probable that the new Secretary of 
State, who has no professional retaining fees 
to influence him, will soon make the desired 
change. As yet no news has been received 
here of the appointment of a successor to 
Minister Milliard. 

iod — one on the Paulista line, and two on 
the North line, both in the province of Sao 
Paulo. These dastardly attempts to kill 
innocent employees and travelers because of 
some grudge against railway companies can 
not be punished too severely. In the two 
instances where there is strong circumstan- 
tial evidence as to the guilty parlies, the 
police authorities refuse to take any steps 
because two witnesses to the act can not be 
produced. We need not say that all this 
idle nonsense about two eye-witnesses is a 
safeguard for criminals which is defeating 
justice every day. Now that it has reached 
such a stage that ruffians can deliberately 
shoot at engine drivers and place obstruc- 
tions on the rails in advance of passenger 
trains, it is full time that this sentimental 
twaddle about the sanctity of a criminal's 
life and the necessity of having two eye- 
witnesses to the crime, should cease. The 
law-abiding part of the community also 
have rights which the government is bound 
to watch over and protect. Whether in 
their homes or traveling they should be 
protected from robbery and assassination by 
every power of the law. An affairs have 
reached a stage where six attempts at assas-' 
sination by the wholesale in the two leading 
provinces of the empire have occurred in one 
month, it is full time that the department 
of justice should wake up, and that some- 
one's neck should be stretched. 

The latest outcome, and certainly not 
the most encouraging one, ol the present 
labor agitation in this country is the decision 
of several prominent planters of Siio Paulo 
to send to the United States lor Chinese 
laborers. These gentlemen persist in their 
belief that no use can be made of the frecd- 
men, hence they are determined to (ill their 
places with the most servile class of free 
laborers that can be found. They propose 
to turn away the freedmen to become pau- 
pers and vagrants in a country already over- 
flowing with those classes, and they are 
determined to retain a false and pernicious 
social system which has already done incal- 
culable harm to Brazil. The steamer which 
sails for the United States to-day will take 
Dr. Jos<5 Custodio Alves de Lima, a graduate 
of Syracuse University, New York, who 
empowered to contract for 3,00a Chinese 
laborers for Paulista planters. This purpose 
is to be deeply regretted, and were there any 
certainty that Dr. Lima would be successful 
in his mission, we should look upon it as 
an event full of certain disaster in the future. 
Industrious as the Chinese laborer is, he is 
not suited to a country just freeing herself 
from slavery. We can not wish Dr. Lima 
success in his mission. 

Within the past month three separate 
attempts have been made to shoot engine 
drivers on the railways of this province and 
Sao Paulo. One attempt took place on 
the English railway, not far from Silo 
Paulo, a second occurred on the Sorocabana 
railway, of Sfio Paulo, and the third occur- 
red on the 28th tilt, on the Dom Pedro II 
line between Maxambomba and Sapopamba. 
In the -.first. two cases no one was injured, 
but to the last case the driver received some 
slight wounds in the head. In the first two 
cases there is strong circumstantial evidence 
as to the authors, as the attempts took 
place in localities where animals had been 
killed on the track. In addition to these 
shooting affairs, three separate attempts to 
wreck trains, by placing obstructions on the 
track, have occurred within the same per- 

At a meeting nf the Ypiranga monument 
commission at Sao Paulo on the 1st instant, 
Dr. Ernesto Mariano da Silva Ramos pre- 
sented the following scheme for its consider- 
ation. The main feature of the monument, 
as it is still called, com mem orating the 
independence of Brazil upon the very spot 
where it was declared, is a great university 
dedicated to the purposes of primary and 
higher education. The scheme, however, 
comprises several distinctive features which 
the author presents in the following numer- 
ical order : ist, The opening of an avenue 
in a straight line from the city 6f Sao 
Paulo to the plain of Ypiranga, 100 feet in 
width, macadamized and bordered with 
shade trees. 2nd, The creation of a great 
garden or park, similar to the Jardim da 
Acclamacao in this city, on the hill where 
the commemorative stone now stands. This 
garden or park shall have at its central 
point a column, obelisk, or some other 
work of art to commemorate the 7th of 
September, 1822, which shall be of modest 
proportions and erected by voluntary contri- 
butions. 3rd, The four sides of the park 
shall be composed of four streets, 53 }i 
feet in width. Fronting the principal street 
there shall be erected a grand edifice ot 
suitable proportions for the future establish- 
ment there of a great institution of primary 
and higher education. 4th, The reservation 
from the proceeds of the lotteries of not 
less than one thousand contos as an en- 
dowment fund, the income jfrom which 
shall be devoted to the maintenance of the 
institution. 5th, The solicitation from the 
imperial or provincial' government of a gift 
of the public lands adjacent to Ypiranga, 
with authorization to rent or sell, as a part 
of the monument's endowment fund. 6th, 
The acquirement of a privilege for the 
location and operation of a tramway line 
along the main avenue between Silo Paulo 
and Ypiranga, the net receipts of the line 
to go to the endowment fund of the univ- 
ersity. It is desired that the university shall 
have a faculty fully empowered to confer 
degrees, but in case the government will 
not concede 'this privilege then it should 
be constituted as a free university, its 
graduates coming before the official faculties 
to pass their formal examinations as now- 
required. It is designed to make primary 
instruction one of the principal objects of 
the institution, as upon it depends primarily 

the enlightenment of the people. This pri- 
mary instruction should consist not merely 
of the alphabet, primer, and four funda- 
mental rules of arithmetic, but it should 
require, above all things, the acquirement 
of a. "knowledge of physics, chemistry, 
natural histoiy,drawing, hygiene, physiology, 
geography, meteorology, in short, of all 
the sciences which constitute the art of 
knowing how to live and to gather the great- 
est amount of results from the world about 
us. " This eminently patriotic scheme has 
received the warmest commendations from 
the people of Sao Paulo, and was very favor- 
ably received by the commission. 

After an absence of some months in 
Europe Deputy Joaqtiim Nabuco now re- 
turns to Brazil and resumes the work 
upon which he entered with so much zeal 
less than two years ago. As the leader of 
the abolition movement in this country and 
as the president of an anti-slavery society, 
his movements have been invested with an 
importance second to those of no other 
Brazilian statesman of the day. The repre- 
sentative of a new order of things, a new 
system of labor, new industry and enterprise, 
he could not fail to excite interest wherever 
he went ; but as the representative of a 
party pledged to the overthrow of slavery 
he inevitably excited not only the interest 
but the hearty encouragement and sym- 
pathy of the most intelligent men with 
whom he came in contact. The sentiment 
is gaining impetus daily throughou t the civil- 
ized world that the time has come for the 
utter extinction of slavery, and furthermore 
that as slavery is now confined to Turkey and 
Brazil the time has come for the use of all 
possible outside pressure to secure that result. 
The enthusiastic reception of- Deputy Joa- 
quiin Nabuco in Portugal, Spain, England and 
Fiance means something more than admira- 
tion for the man .and the orator ; it means 
outspoken sympathy and support for the 
principles which he represents, and sincere 
encouragement for the struggle to ensue in 
the near future. And still further, it means 
that the intelligent sentiment of Europe ho 
longer tolerates the existence of slavery in 
Brazil, and that it stands ready to render 
all needed aid and encouragement for its 
utter extinction. It means that the civilized 
world is no longer deceived by the half- 
way measures adopted here for the eman- 
cipation of the slaves, and that it demands 
an honest, efficient effort for their early 
liberation. These indications of the day 
should not be lost upon the government, 1 nor 
upon the pro-slavery party in whose hands 
are now the destinies of the empire. If 
Brazil is to retain th.e respect of the civilized 
world — or rather, if she is to regain the 
respect already lost, it must be through the 
immediate abolition of slavery, without 
onus either to the slave, or to the non-slave- 
holder. There must be no more trifling 
with a deceptive and misleading measure 
for emancipation— an emancipation which 
leaves to death the breaking of chains, and 
to the free-born child of slaves the inheri- 
tance of slavery, under another name, for 
the best part of its life. There must be 
no further enslavement of Indians on the 
Amazon, no further sale of illegally- held 
A'rtcans, no further sale of free-born chil- 
dren into slavery, no turther sale of the 
"services" of free-born children, and no 
further torture with chain and lash even to 
the extremity of death. There must be an 
earnest, consistent effort on the part if the 
government to wipe out this accursed dis- 
grace, and to place itself in line with the 
civilization of the day? This is now no 
mere demand of a faction in Brazil ; it is 
the demand of the civilized world. Deputy 
Joaquim Nabuco is no longer the mouth- 
piece ot Brazilian abolitionists, but of abo- 
litionists everywhere. Hereafter he will 

occupy another position than that of deputy, 
and president of a Brazilian anti-slavery 
society ; he will occupy a position which no 
Brazilian constituency can confer. In seek- 
ing the sympathy and aid of abolitionists 
outside of Brazil, he has given the move- 
ment and his connection with it an inter- 
national character which can not now be 
withdrawn. Heretofore he could have with- 
drawn from the cause with but a slight loss 
of local prestige, but to-day such an act is 
impossible. He must now fight to the 
bitter end, and in the struggle he will be 
backed by the aid and sympathy o( Europe 
and the United States. It is no longer a 
handful of deputies and a local organiza- 
tion with which the slaveholders of Brazil 
have to contend, but with the wider and 
better directed abolition sentiment of the 
whole world. 


[Response by Mr. J, V. Crawford, late British consul in Cuba, 
to Deputy Joaquim Nabuco's speech, at the dinner given by 
the British Ami-Slavery Society, March 33.} 

Ill the eloquent speech of our honored guest, 
Senhor Nabuco, allusion was made lo the island of 
Cuba, and it may be interesting to you, perhaps, 
to hear how the work of emancipation is going on 

The same gloomy prognostications, as those Se- 
nhor Nabuco describes as prevalent in Brazil, were 
uttered in Cuba whenever the dreaded question of 
negro emancipation was mentioned.. It was pre- 
dicted that Ihe abolition of slavery would prove the 
ruin of the land, and that, without forced labor, 
the prosperity of the country would vanish. But, 
what do we see? Although the slave trade ceased 
in 1866, and in spite of the decrease of one-third of 
the slave population since 1876, the production of 
Cuba is now as flourishing as ever it was, 580,000 
tons of sugar alone having been exported last year, 
whilst the sugar and tobacco crops now comiti" for- 
ward are as large as ever. 

The first emancipation act was passed by the 
Cortes in 1870, and is similar to that of Brazil. Slave 
children born after the dale of the battle of Alcolea, 
September, 1868, were declared free, hut were subject 
to their mother's master up to the age of twenty- 

This was replaced by a new emancipation act last 
year, -'which though very incomplete and unsatisfac- 
tory, is producing remarkable results. The mere 
fact of the Cortes passing such a law has convinced 
the slave-owners that the days of slavery in Cuba 
are numbered, and as a natural consequence slave 
property has greatly declined in value. 

The rapid decrease in the slave population has 
been brought about by several causes. First, the 
reduced value (coupled with the panic of the slave 
owners) has enabled many.of the slavss to redeem 
themselves; then a large number have been volun- 
tarily manumitted by their masters. Again, in view 
of proximate freedom, many of the owners have in 
measure forestalled, that act, by allowing their 
negroes to shift for themselves, upon a monthly 
payment of four dollars, which is a great boon in a 
country where free labor is worth from twenty to 
thirty dollars a ;month. Then again, through a 
decree which obliges the owner to pay his slaves 
their quota, within fifteen days after the end of the 
each month, failing which the slaves are declared 
free, entire gangs have been liberated. 

The emancipation act of 1S80 provides for the 
gradual abolition of slavery in Cuba by yearly draw- 
ings to spread over several years. The first draw- 
ing will take place in May, 1885, and it is thought 
that if the emancipation of tile negroes continues as 
it has done lately, there will be no necessity of 
going beyond a third drawing, or in other words, 
that in a much shorter period than that enacted by 
the Cortes, total emancipation will be an accom- 
plished fact in the island ol Cuba. This, however, 
is much too flattering a view to take of it. 

As an illustration that, under free labor, the pro- 
duction of Cuba ha* nothing to feai in the iuture, 
it may be mentioned that to-day a Chinese con- 
tractor, with his sixty free men, .will lake off a Crop 
as efficiently and with far more economy than a 
planter could do with two hundred negroes under 
the old hateful system of slavery, with the lash, 
and all its attendant horrors. 

These facts will encourage Senhor Nabuco in the 
noble work in which he is engaged, and I heartily 
join in the welcome you have given him, and in 
wishing him complete success in his arduous under- 
taking. » 


» ' 


For Mr. Milliard's ministerial gown, there are 
various applications. The place is tempting. Ri° 
Janeiro is a beautiful city, full of delight, Sid the 
Minister receives $12,000 a year. No man could till 
the place with more grace than Mr. Hilliard. He 
has given perfect satisfaction.— Washington cones- 
pondenceoMftWit Constitution. 



— During the month of February there were five j 
deaths from yellow lever in the city of Havana, 

— The first drawing of the great 6,ooo,oop$ lot- 
tery of this city is announced for the 30th of 

— Another of the* commission to China, Com. 
Arthur Silveirada Motto, relumed to this city on 
the 1st insl,, by way of Europe. 

— By an imperial decree of the 2nd inst. Dr. 
Herculano Marcos Inglez tie Souza was appointed 
president of tlie province of Sergipe, 

— The imperial government has granted perniis- 
to the Princess Imperial and Conded'Eu to remain 
in Europe until the end of the present month. 

— The minister of empire has authorized the 
suspension of the special health regulations of this 
port which have been in force since November 

— A letter from Santa, Isabel do Rio Prelo, Mi- 
nds Geraes, to the Cntsehv .says that the coffee crop 
there will not only be below the average in yield, 
but that it will be of bad quality, 

— The minister of agriculture has placed the 
sum of 42,000$ in the treasury agency at London at 
the disposal xif the Brazilian consul at Hamburg to 
pay balances due on the passage of colonists to Brazil 
under the contract of 1849. 

— To fill the three senatorial* Vacancies from the 
province of Ceara the Emperor has chosen irom the 
three triplicate lists presented to him by the electors 
of the province, Drs. Vicente Alvesde Paula Pessoa, 
Liberato de Castro Carreira and Joao Ernesto Vi- 
riatode Medeiros. 

— The minister of foreign affairs has notified the 
minister of just ice that information has been received 
from the legation at Washington to the effect that 
the trade-marl; treaty between Brazil and the 
United States has not been questioned .by the fed- 
eral courts, as reported. 

— The minister of empire has notified the pres- 
ident of Rio Grande do Sut that the government ap- 
proves the extraordinary credit of 8,000$ opened by 
the latter on his own responsibility to meet the ex- 
penses incident to the departure and conveyance of 
Senator Florencio de Allien to the province of Sao 
Paulo, for which he had been appointed president. 

— Mail advices Irom the province of Espirilo 
Santo state that, after having examined the ports of 
Itapimerim, Piuma, Benevente and Guarapary, Col. 
W. Milnor Roberts returned to Victoria on the 251I1 
ult. and sailed on the following day for S.,Mathsus 
on his way to Caravellas. After examining the last 
named port, Col. Roberts will return to this city 
before going lo examine the ports of Rio Grande 
tloSul. 1 i 

— The government has issued instructions, under 
date of the 17th ult., that no slave shall be classified 
for liberation through the emancipation fund who 
is a fugitive, or was a fugitive six months before 
the meeting of the classification board. Also that 
the masters of slaves shall report the flight or 
capture of a slave within three months from the 
time of such occurrence. 

—The sailors' mission at tills port reports that 
the month just closed was a very busy one, and 
that a large number of vessels of all nationalities 
was visited. Huskies the religious character of the 
work the mission is doing much good in the dis- 
tribution of books and papers, and in relieving 
cases of distress. Our readers will not forget that 
all donations of books and periodicals, and of cloth- 
ing, can be used to very great advantage by the 

— The long and unbroken silence of Mr. Resident- 
director Kip Hopper has led many good people 
in this part of the .world to believe that worthy 
individual dead, or retired from business. Such, 
however, is not the case. The circulation of a 
report in American papers to the effect that the 
Emperor is so much' in favor oi the Protestant 
missionary cause as to offer to pay the passage ol 
all missionaries who desire to come to Brazil, is 
strong presumptive proof of John K.'s continued 

— We are pleased to announce that Mr. C. P. 
Mackie has at last secured all the necessary author- 
izations for the establishment of a telephone 
exchange in this city, and is how pulling up lines 
between the central office, No. 89 Una da Quitanda, 
and the offices of, subscribers. The remarkable 
success of telephone communication in the United 
States and England leads to the conclusion that it 
must also prove a great convenience here. The 
system includes private wires from each subscriber's 
office to the central office, at which place he can 
be placed in communication with any other snbs- 
" criber at pleasure. The system guarantees absolute 
privacy between any two parties who are using the 
wires, thus making it an invaluably agent for instan- 
taneous business communication. ! The workings of 
the system can now be seen at the company' 

■ — It is believed that the chief of police is still 
trying to find the escaped murderer Russinho. 

-—The Emperor and Empress, accompanied by 
their suite, returned from their trip through Minas 
Geraes, on the evening of the 30th ult. 

—The report that the Emperor is contemplating 
a trip up the Amazon thence across the Andes to 
the Pacific, is said to be without foundation. 

—There is no abatement in the number of thefts 
and burglaries. The daily criminal record is one 
which should interest even the chief nf police. 

— On the evening of the 3rd inst. &n assassina- 
tion took place at No. 154, Rua da Saude, in which 
n Paraguayan woman was the victim and Manool 
do Na'scimento Castello ltranco was the victor. The 
assassin was captured. 

—Among the passengers arriving on the American 
packet Co(m\i{ii> was . Mr. Richard Cutis Shannon, 
vice-president and director of the Botanical Garden 
Railroad. Mr. Shannon's visit home was an ex- 
ceptionally pleasant one, the more so as it resulted 
in so many and .such high commendations of his 
administration of the company's affairs here. 

— The French steamer La Frame, which cleared 
at this port on the 29th ult. for the Mediterranean 
with about 11,000 bags coffee, was unable to go to 
sea on account of a derangement in her machinery. 
Her cargo will be transferred to the I'oilou, ex- 
pected on the" 5th inst., and the La France will be 
repaired and sail at the end of the month. 

— At a public exercise of Miss Leslie's private 
school on the evening of the 29th ult., at which a 
large number of the relatives and friends of the 
pupils were present, a diploma was presented to 
Miss Leslie by Sr. Octaviano Hudson as a rec 
ognition of the excellent work accomplished 
by her as a teacher. The diploma contained a 
portrait of Quiutino Bocayuva and the silver medal' 
presented to Sr. Hudson at the Exposicao Industrial 
Flumincnse of 1878. 

—Altera severe illness of some days duration, 
M, Paul Dclnhtmtc, .senior, the representative of 
the French railway company C/iemms tit Per Brhil- 
tens, died on the morning of the 3rd. inst. By a 
sad coincidence his son, oi the same name, had died 
only two days before. These two gentlemen in 
their short residence in Brazil had won a high posi- 
tion in social and business circles, and their loss 
will be universally regretted. 

—Our readers will be pleased' to learn that Dr. 
Jose 1'ercira Rego Filho has at last been made a 
corresponding member of a few. European societies. 
The diplomas all came in a batch, and are invoiced 
as follows; Imperial e Real de Zoologia e Botanka 
de Vienna, Imperial e Real de Seisneias Natnraes 
da Moravia e Silesia e Austriaea Geralde Medici na 
e Pharmacia. We intended to work (hem out and 
discover how many there arc in the lot, but our 
time forbids. 

— An amateur dramatic performance was given at 
Buenos Aires on the evening of the z'otli ult. in aid 
of the British hospital at that city, in which many 
ladies and gentlemen of the English and American 
community took part. The Theatre Colon was 
crowded to overflowing, and the performance pas- 
sed off in a highly successful manner. It is to be 
hoped that so successful an example as this will 
not be lost upon our friends here, whenever there 
shall be a call upon their charitable support and 



Meteorological observations taken at Braz, in the 

city of S. Paulo, during the month of March, 

I88l, by the 

Cempanhia Cantareira e Esgolos. 

Lat. 23° 32 58" S. 

Long. 46" 36' 46" W. (Greenwich.) 

Height of barometer: 2,393 ft. above menu sea level, 
Do ot rain gauge: a. 378.5 ft do do. 
Mean pressure at 9 a.m. 27.063 inches; nt 9 p,m. 37.65a inches 
Mean pressure corrected and reduced 103a 3 Falir. at mean sef 

level at 9 a m, 29.979 inches: at 9 p.m. 29.966 inches. 
Mean tump..of air at 9a.m. 68.4": atgri.m, 66 4" Fnhr, 
Mean of max, tern, in shade, 80.1"; do mm. in shade iii. 
Mean temperature of Grass minimum therm, 57 3" Falir. 
Highest reading of max. of therm, in shade (island 4th) 88.9* 
Lowest reading of ruin, of therm, in shade (1st), 55,1". 
lowest reading of Grass minimum therm, (26(h), 49.8° F, _ 
Mean elastic force of vapor at 9 a.m. , .693 in.; at 9 p.m., .600 ir 
Total rainfall for the month, 7.94 inches. 
Maximum fall of rain in one day (21st), 1 .49 inches. 
Roin'fell on 18' days. 

Thunder and light nine on the .1st, 4th, 6th and 19th. 
Thunder heard, but lightning not seen, on the and. 
Fog on the mornings ot 9 days, and evening* of 2 days. 
Dew oh the mornings of 5 and on the ev suing* of 6 days. 
Lunar corona observed on the evenings of 13th and i;t!i. 
Lunar rainbow observed at 7:20 on the eveningofthe 16th. 

Henry II. Joyner, 

A.M.I. C.K„ & K.M.5. 
Engineer in chief. 


Par value of the Brazilian mil 



May 4th, 1B81 

1), gold 27 d. 
do ■ 00 in U. S. 
at $484 per £1. «g. 54 45 cents. 

(U. 5. coin} in Brazilian gold. 1 J837 

of £1. stg. in Brazilian gold. 


Hank rale of exchange on London to-day 20-K d 

Present value of theBrazilian mil rcis (paper) 769 rs. gol 
do ■ do do in U : S. 

coin at ?4 Bo per £.. Mg. ■ 41.501:1* 
Value ofl$i.oo($4.Bo per£-i stg.Jin Brazikan 

currency (paper) '2^410 

Value of £1 sterling ,. „ n$5<* 


April 13,— The banks affixed no rates to-day and the market 
was inactive as usual on the closing day of the mail. Some 
small transactions are reported at 21)4 bank and 31% pri- 
vate on London, and at 446 bank and 441— 442 private on 
France. Sovereigns sold at 11 $400 cash. 

April 25, — The banks adopted la-day the following rates: Lon- 
don aij^, Paris 449, Hamburg 557, New Yorka^o, Por- 
tugal 256 and 253 %. Private paper was negotiated at 21 y t 
— 2i?t on London and nt 442 on France. Sovereigns sold 
nt 11 $450 and ( t $440 cash. 

April 96. — The market opened to-day more active at yester- 
day's rates which were, however, withdrawn after 1 p m 
The Banco Commercial then affixed the rates of 21 on Lon- 
don, 451 oh Paris and 354 % on Portugal. Private paper 
was passed in the morning at 2t % and in the afternoon .11 

, aiji on London nnd443— 447 on France. A large business 
was done in sovereigns at ij$4&o to ii$ssocash. 

April 27. —The rate of aid. on London became general to- 
day alter having yesterday been adopted by the banco Com- 
mercial. The other rates of the banks were as follows: Paris 
451 and 451, Hamburg 560 and 561, New Yorka$38o, Por- 
tugal 258 and 254. A fair amount ot business was done in 
private paper at 21^—21 3/16 oil London and 445 011 
France. Sovereigns sold at 11 $540 cash, 11^520 for May 
12, n$5iofor May 30, and 1141550 for May 31. 

April 28 — The market 10-day was firm but not active and the 

me as yesterday. Private paper 
11 Ji on London and at 553011 
at 11 $530, n$s«o, nfcooand 

alteration < 

of the banks w 
was negotiated at 21 yifi — 
Hamburg. Sovereigns sold 
n$49o, all cash. 

April 29.— The banks niade no alteration in their 
there was but a limited business in private pape; at = t 3/16 
— 21 Jf on London and at 445— 449 on France, Sovereigns 
sold an 1^480 cash and 1 1^490 for May 15th. 

April 30.— The banks opened at the rates ot yesterday but 
withdrew them later in the day. In the. afternoon some 
transaciions took place at 20JS on London. Private pajwr 
on London was passed in the morning at.atj^ and 21, and 
011 France at 448—449. Sovereigns sold at ii$5JO and 

May 2.— The Banco Commercial adopted to-day the rates tf 
sof| on London, 454 on Paris and 255% on Portugal 
whereas the other banks remained without rales, Small 
transactions in private paper on London at 21 and 20^, 
Sovereigns sold at 11$ 5 30 cash. 
May 3 —The Banco Commercial withdrew ils rate of aojfi on 
London and only drew on Paris at 455 and on Portugal at 
256 %. The other banks did not affix rales but one of 
them did small transactions at 20% 011 London and at 454 on 
France, In the afternoon bank paper was drawn at jo y t oil 
London. Fair transactions in private paper at 20 13/16 « 
1.716 on London and 111452 oil France. Sovereigns sold ai 
MJJ1530 and u$57ocash. 

—•The Brazilian Submarine Telegraph Company has declared 
an interim dividend viy 61/per share. 

—The Montevideau and Brazilian Telegraph Company has 
declared a dividend of 31 per share out of its percentage of ilie 
gross earnings of the Brazilian and Western Company, am- 
ounting tu ,£3,256. The debenture debt of the company 
now stands at £ 13,880, 

"*"~At a geniral meeting ot the share-holders of the Corn- 
pan hi a Can tureira e Esgotos, of S. Panln, oil the 24th ult,, it 
was resolved to raise n loan of 1,200,000$ in I.onduu for the 
prosecution of the water and drainage works; to pay the hist 
dividend and nil future dividends, until there shall he a 
revenue, in shares of the company; and to suspend the issue or 
shares except those needed fur dividends, indemnifications, and 

— The, April returns of the custom-house at this port show 
the receipt', 10 be 3,265, 193^613 as follows : 

Imports 2,6/4,434 108 

Uespncho mari'.imo . H.7gs 174 

Exports 636,682 in 

Interior taies 3, 033 300 

Other sources 2,248 840 

3,265,193 623 

Deposits.. 20,642 179 

Restitutions 29,574 461 

Internal revenue receipt 1 907,359 9113 


39 Six per cent apolices (37 outs, sale u. 1,055 °*> 

1,500$ do small amounts 1,050 dm 

4 Provincial apolices of 20.1$ aoo 000 

20,000$ do go '/J 

10 Banco do Brazil 281 000 

too Banco Predial hypoth, notes 80 % 

April 23. 

72 Six per cents apolices (70 outs, sale) 1,055000 

40 Banco do Commercio m8 000 

35 Banco Industrial 332 000 

40 do 233 000 

100 Seguros Intcgridade 64 000 

45 do Previdente (outside sale/ 12 000 

5a Petropolis R. It - n° °°° 

29 do (outs, sale) 224 000 

8, Docas D. Pedro It 70000 

25 Qiiissania debentures 202 000 

70 do (outside sale) 203 coo 

g Macahe e Campos debentures 79 "lo 

50 Carangola R. R. debeat 2c 8 coo 

170 Banco Predial hypoth. notes without int... 76 % 

200 S.Paulo tramway.-'- 120000 

205 NavegacSo Brarileira (outs, sale) ion ota 

April 25, 

77 Six per cent apolices (35 outs, sale) 1,053000 

ai Banco do Brazil 281 000 

4^ do 282000 

100 do Industrial {outs, sale) 233 °°o 

200 Navcgacao Nacional 200 000 

2uj NavegacSo BraKileira, for May 5th 200 000 

20J do tor May 8th 202 009 

100 Leopoldina R, R, debentures 211 ono 

38 Sorocabana R. R. debentures (outs, sale) 67% 

35 Quissama obligations ?o;5 000 

100 Banco Predial, hyp. note* with int 8^ •/, 

ISo do without interest. 76 •'/, 

98 Six per cent apalicesfigout. sale) 1,055 *» 

8,100$ do small am. ($5=ooo.s.) r.oso 000 

I2,(jr«:f Provincial apolices (outs. sale) 96 % 

20 Banco do Braiil 2 & 7 - oo;r 

So Carris Villa Isabel ,89 poo 

121 | ^ 19000a 

50 Carris Urbanos a- , t QOO 

4°° do for May 31, (out, sale).. 240000 

'5° do for April 30th do .. 241000 

5° do do do . . 242 oco 

90 Banco Rural . H;o qq^ 

165 Petropolis R. R ...'.,.. 232000 

50 Minas de Cacapava, series IJ 20 000 

100 lianco Predial hypoth. n 80 °/ u 

100 Nnvugacao Brawleira (out, s.) 200000 

86 Six per cent apolices (oulside sale) 1,055 000 

100 National Loan of 1879 j lo n, 

30 National Loan iSfiB...,, ..,;... 1,190 coo 

doo$ Sixpcr cent apolicesof small amounts^... 1,050000 

100 Carris Urbanos ; ,,".., 2+2 00 .-, 

70 do , 243000 

100 . do (outside sale} 24.1 o»o 

200 Carris dc Pemamblico i^o 000 

?5 Carris Villa Isabel ■ "'tpi 606 

~7 ilo (outs, sata) 190000 

■t 3 do do , 1 90. ■ 500 

50 Petropolis R. R 333 000 

'5o do 234000 

=6 do (outs, sale) 235 000 

5 Navegacio Brazileim 199 coo 

ao do (outs, sale) 500000 

50 Minas de Cacapava, serie B 20000 

58 Banco Predial hypoth, notes (without int ) 76 '.'.V, 
April 28. 

too Carris Urbanos for May 15 2*; bos 

34 Carru«e,ens Flnminenses, for Mays :;.i on.i 

60 Kavega(:"<o Br-.i/ildiM, f.>r bst day of lians. 205 >™>n 

125 do (outs. sale)... 2o.( 000 

100 Carris S. Paulo tto ui> 000 

30 Leopoldina R R. debentures...., 211 quo. 

212 Banco Preilinl liyp. notes with iniereM.. 80 »/^ 

80- do do do (without int).. j(S ■■/.. 
April 29. 

37 Six per cent apolices 1,05s 000 

i, 200$ Provincial apolices of 200$ (out*, sde).. j->'/ : % 

50 Carris S. ChnslovJo ifo i.oo 

385 do 365 ,,0:1 

114 Cnnis UiiianoT. ^c, 000 

100 do for May 31 250000 

140 Carris S, Paulo 120 000 

50 Seguros Intcgridade (outs, sale). ..' 62 000 

too Brazil Industrial do 70 000 

54 Sorocabana debentures (of 100$ out, s.) . ! 67^ °/, 

100 Petropolis R.K. (out. sale) 240 000 

10 Six per cent apolices , , 1,035 000 

300 Carris Urbanos 250 000 

154 Leopoldina R,R 300 000 

112 NavegacSo Braiileira (too outside sale).. no 000 

as do .1 208 000 

50 Seguros Integridade fia oto 

50 do (outs, s.) 63 000 

500 CnrrisdeS. Paulo do ■ tao ouo 

10 Six percent apolices l r °57 ono 

5 do 1.055 °°" 

o,iioo$ Provincial apolices of 200$ ■ oSJ/ % 

50 Seguros Allinnca 26 000 

6 National Loan 1879 111 "/„ 

50 do 110K «/„ 

30 National Loan of 1879 (outs, sale) no ; /„ 


Rio <it Imitlro, May 4th, 1881. 
Caffte.—Ow last report was on the 33rd ultima. Since 
then dealers have reduced their prices about 100 reis per 1 10 
kilos, and the sterling cost is further reduced about 2% per cent, 
through the decline in exchange. The market, however, has 
remained quiet in view of the unfavorable advices from Europe 
and the United States, and only a limited amount of business 
has been dune. 

The sales since the 23rd ultimo have been 94,890 bags aid 
the total sales for the month since the 4O1 ultimo amount 10 
273, 440 bags, the greater portion of which is for Europe, 

Railroad communication wns restored oh the 24th ult. and 
the receipts from that date 10 ilie end of the month have aver- 
aged 16,289 °»E S P* r t'ay- 
The daily average for the mouth of April lias been : 
10,339 bgs 
against 5,386 in April 18B0 
9,701 „ 1H79 

3,054 „ i3 7 « 

7,J2» ,, 187? 

and the total receipts for the 10 months since the 1st July am- 
ount to 3,893,716 bags 

against 2,736,990 hags in same period of 1870-80 

3.»3».5=7 •■ •• 1878-79 

3,366,350 ., „ 1877.78 

2,408,457 „ „ 1876-77 

The clearances since the 23rd ult. have been : 

United SMtts: 


Aptil 22 Baltimore Am bk Gny Eaglt 7,615 

15 New Vork, Br str Memiroii 21.237 

25 do Grbk Molly 5.040 

28 do Br bk Ocean Btanty ?,to(i 


April 23 South' 11, Antwerp, V.v str Mm/to 3,85° 

33 London, Antwerp, ■ ,, Tycho Brake 1,0,323 

23 Marseilles, Br lug Reindeer, 6,000 

29 Hamburg, T.r sir Buenos A yes 12,856 

30 Bordeaux, Fr sir S/u/gnl 14.;'" 

May 2 Havre, Cr str Sully 

April.22 River Plate. Br MrCnadJana 4.048 

23 Cape of Good Hope, Br lug ynnr Rcnnie. , 4,000 

vo Valparaiso, Brstr Valparaiso 74B 

The total clearances in April have been : 
for United Stales nH,545 bags, against if^^sin Apr. 1S80 
,, Europe 168,736 ., 80,140 ,. 

„ C, offJood H T3,otr „ 11,540 

„ River Plate and 

WcstCoast 5-?4& „ ' 6,763 

total 304,538 266,415 

and the total clearance* during the 10 months since the tM 
July havebewi ; 

k : l 

-.',.-. L1 _, -. v...,..-;v.:,.'\...^^:i.Nh.';..j..v h ;.i'! ; v .,,:■<;.-■■ ?■ <■ ■-. 

I I 




bags ''"S* 

1,873,160 for United S. against 1,770,832 in same per. of 1879-80 

1,532,230,, Europe » 861,416" „ „ 

86,303,. C. ofG.H. „ 58,797 » " 

■ 43,383,, R-P.&WC „ n,™> 

^s75^6ba B s ,. 2,708,246 

showing an increase ol 826,830 bagso\ cr the clearances in the 

same period of last crop year ( viz: 

102,328 bags increase w United States 
670,814 „ „ Europe 

27,506 „ ,1 Cnpc of Good Hope 

26,182 11 ,. Elsewhere 

826,830 bags. 
We quote, per 10 kilos : 

Washed , Nominal 

Superior s$ioo-s|3oo 

Good first.......... 4 7°o — 4$75o 

Regular first 4 n<x> — 4T45" 

Ordinary first 3 750 - 3J9S° 

Goodsecond 3 °5°— 3f3°° 

Ordinary second — a 600 — a?goo 

and/on thisbasis cargoes may be quoted: 

p 10 kilos per cwt per lb. 

Prime United States 5,300 53/3 "'57 «s. 

Good 1, .4,750 48/5 10,51 „ 

Fair to good „ 4> 0o ° 47/' ,0i92 » 

Fair „ 4,450 45/9 9-93 » 

GoodChannel 4.050 \m, 9M • > 

Fair „ 3,8°° 39>" 8 ' f '4 » 

Low „ 3.ioo 33/9 7-*> >. 

({. o. b, ex freight and commission, exchange so% in ster- 
ling andat par in American gold.) 
Stock is estimated to-day at 260,000 bags. 


Umieo States. 

New York 


Ham pi on Roads f. a 





New Orleans 

Galveston , 

hi. Thomas f.o. 



Channel I- 



North' of Europe & Ba1ti< 
Liverpool, London & Sout'pton 


Lisbon t. a 





Cape of Good Hope 

River Plate & West Const. 


United States. 

124 456 


»77 4'7 






19 .532 



159 165 



183 38* 

earftneus of coffee from Rio during the 4 
from January 1st to April 30th. 







St. Louis 


River Plate 

Market steady. 

Pitch Piite.-tb.eTti have 




Hampton Roads f.'o 





New Orleans 


St. Thomas f. o.... 



Liverpool, London & South' 


Lisbon!, o 




',. El.SllWHERK 

Cape of Good Hope 

River Plate & West Cm 

United States 


3 l8 .953 








Total. «,243.7 al 

4*,9 , 5 



been no arrivals since our last report 
to market continues firm with a good demand at 4o$ooo 

The arrivals In April were 913,543 tcet, and the total arrivals 
duringthe 4 months since January 1st amount 103,680,955 f'- 

White Pint.— t^t arrivals consist of 171,668 teet per 
Grace Andrews from New Vork. 

The market has become quiet and we cannot quote over no 
rcispcr foot. 

The arrivals in April were 369,041 feet, and the totalarrivals 
during the 4 months since January 1st amount to 1,388,200 

Spruce Pine.— "Ha arrivals and good demand. A good 
cargo would probably obtain 35$oo6— 36$ocoper dozen. 

Total arrivals from January 1st to April 30^289,946 feet. 

Swedish Pine.— No arrivals, The market continues firm. 
Last sale at 38^000 per dozen. 

Total arrivals from January 1st to April 30th i,373dozen, 

Larti.--the arrivals consist of 

1,300 kegs per Chowan from Baltimore 

1,850 ,, Alice ,, do 
100 kegs and 3ocasesper Colorado from New York. ' 

The market continues firm and prices have advanced to 
470—480 reis per lb. George 
460—470 „ „ „ Jenkins 
450—460 „ „ „ New York 

Arrivals in April 7,000 kegs and 50 cases. 

Total arrivals from January ist to April 30th 26,230 kegsand 

Ktrvseue.-'-tYvt arrivals consist of 7,050 cases per Grace 
Andrews from New York, and the market continues fiat at 
7$oo— ;$2oo per case for Devoe's Brilliant, 
Arrivals in April 36,396 cases. 

Total arrivals from January 1st to April 30th 81,091 cases. 
Rosin,— Continues quiet at 7^500— 8$ooo per banel . 
Arrivals 250 barrels per Grace Andrews from New York. 
Arrivals in April 1,350 barrels. 

Total arrivals from January 1st to April 30th 3,495 barrels. 
'I 'urpeutine.— Remains firm at 580—600 reis per kilo. 
Arrivals 165 cases per Grace Andrews from New York. 
Arrivals in April 615 cases. 

Total arrivals from January tsl toApril3oth 1,480 cases. 
Deer.— Quotations ; 

Bass (Ihlers k Bell) 7$6oo-7$7°o 
Tennent S *»---5 4°° 

Guineas' Stout 7 200—7 3°° 

American 5 000—5 5°o 

German sundry brands 5 000—7 oac ' '■ 

Cement.— There is no alteration in the market. We quote: 
English 6$ooo... 7 $5oo 
German 6 000—6 800 
Boulogne 7 500—8 000 

Cotlfish.— There have been no arrivals and retail prices are 

unchanged at i8$ooo— ao$ooo for cases and 22$coo— is$°oa 
tor tubs. 
Arrivals 111 April 6,iB3 tubs Canadian and 1,835 cases Nor w- 

Total arrival from January isi to April 30th 17,362 tubs 
Canadian and 7,944 cases Norwegian. 
Hay.— The arrivals consist of 50 bales per Albert from B 

We quote 80 reis per kilo. >\ 

Bran.— Remains firm at 2$aoo— z$3oo per bag. * 
The arrivals consist of the cargo per Pinheiro from Siin 
Nicolas, and 100 bags per Albert from Buenos Ayres. 
Coals.— Since our last report the following cargoes have ar- 

555 tons per Diaua from New Castle 
,701 „ /IniiHiifmmGreenock 
572 ,, Regia from Cardiff 
105 „ Baron A bcrdare from Glasgow 
1,697 „ A tmosphere from Cardiff 
i,6oi „ Virginia from Liverpool. 
The total arrivals in April have been : 
15,755 tons from Cardiff 
3,848 „ Greenock 
1,781 „ Liverpool 
1,209 » New Castle 

1,190 „ Newport 
155 ,, Glasgow 

Sugar.— la coming in very slowly and meets a ready sale at 
|o reis per kilo. 

Freights.— i^d and 10 % for cotton and 20/ and 10 °/ for 
sugar. Cargo is getting scarce. 
Exchange.— 2i}4— v*H ood/s. 

—On the 20th ult. there we 
loading jerked beef for Brazil. 

83,400 quintals. 

e 19 vessels in River Plate ports 
Their aggregate cargoes were 

Shipping News. 


Duncan; 43 ds; flour 
629 tons; Parker; 49 


3'. 497 



arrivals since our 

ast report have been: 



per. Chowan ' 

from Baltimore 




„ do 


At. 7. Foley 

„ do 


A . y. Bonne 

' „ do 


,, Richmond 


Ellen Holt 


3. 3fa 






„ New Vork 

22,938 ions, against 8,478 tons 
Holders of cargocm 

1 April iSEo. 
5$ooo- 3 o|oc 

, per ton, 

28,18s barrels. 

The totalarrivals for the month since the 4th ult. reach I 
h)rg« total of 65,776 barrels, all American. 
The sales sincethe same dateamountto 23,857 barrels. 
Stock in first hands to-day consist of 54,719 barrels, viz 

8,254 barrel* Gallego 

4, 600 „ Haxall 

4,000 „ Dunlop 

5,535 ., OTtance 
26,000 „ Baltimore 

6,370 ,. St. Louis 

Total 54,719 barrels. 


April 23rd, 1881 
Coffee.— During the week ending to-day the market has 
been very quiet, the total sales amounting to 13,290 bags 
the basis of 4 $400— 4$ 500 per 10 kilos for superiors. 

Receipts since the 1st instant average 3,305 per day and 
stock is estimated to-day at 1 39,000 bags. 
The shipments have been : bags 

April 17 Grstr Bahia, Hamburg 5,918 

2t Big sir Tycho Brahe, Antwerp, London.... 10,013 

21 lit str Minho, Southampton, Antwerp 5,177 

23 Norbk N/on/, New "York 7,634 

April y>th, 1881. 

Coffee— The business done during this week has been fair, 

the sales amounting to 37,670 bags, of which 11,000 were for 

theUnited States and the remainder for Europe. These sates 

have been on the basis of 4^400 per 10 kilos for superiors. 

Receipts during this; month have averaged 3,090 bags per 

day and stock is estimated to-day at 1 29,000 bags. 

The shipments have been: bags 

April 37 Grstr Buenos Ayres; Hamburg 10,774 

bk Bayadere, Gibraltar f. 


tons; Lindholm; 42 ds; salt and 

Montevideo— Sp bg Francisco; 224 tons: Ferris; 12 ds; 
jerked beef to J. Komaguera. 
APRIL 34. 
Havre— Fr bk Payta; 689 tons; Maces; 37 ds; salt to Fioiita 

& Tavolara. 
BALTIMORH.-Ambg Chowan; 217 tons; Clement: 47ds; flour 

and lard to W. Ritchie & Co. 
N. Castle— Gr lug Diana; 370 tons; Heyscken; 60 ds; coal 

A. Wagner. 
Salt Island— Port bk Miramdr, 346 tons; Cardia; 30 ds; 
salt to M dc Oliveira & Co. 
APRIL 25. 
N. York— Am tug Grace Andrews; 568 tons; Andrews; 45 
ds; sundries to F. Ctemente & Co. 
APRIL 27, 
Richmond— Nor be Aabine, 35B tons; Blix; 43 ds; Hour to 

Phipps Bros. & Co. 
Baltimore— Am bgAlice; 311 tons; North; 43 ds; flourand 

lard to Wright &<Jo. 
Paysandu— Argbg Octavio; 17810ns; Sampaio; 25 ds; jerked 
beef to Souza Irmao & Rocha, 
Greknock— Br shp Asiana; 1,192 tons; Williams; 51 ds; coal 

to Gas Company. 
B. Avres— Gr schr Albert; $Blous\ Moller; 20 ds; sundries to 
Berla Cotrim & Co. 
APRIL 19, 
Marseilles— Gr bg Mette, 386 tons; Warns; 60 ds; sundries 
to Ilerla Cotrim & Co. 

48 ds; coal to W. 

Baltimohe— Brbk M. J. Foley; 479 tons; McDougall; 50 

ds; Hour to order. 
APRIL 30. 
Richmond— Br lug Ellen Holt; 309 to 

to F. Clemente & Co. 
Glasgow — Br shp Baron Abetdart, 

ds; pipes to J. G. lllius. 
N. Pour— Br bk Ensign; 431 tons: Haslett: 48 ds; pipes to J. 

G. lllius. 

Ostend— Nor bk Palander, 467 tons; Paton; 63 ds;. rails to 

Dom Pedro II railroad. 
Caediff —Br slip Atmosphere. 1,378 tons; Johansen: 48 ds; 

coal to Wilson Sons & Co. 
Oi'orto— Port bk Cintra; 358 tons; Barra; 43 d*; sundries to J. 

Miranda 1-cone & Co. 

ma y 1. 

Richmond— Gr bk Braeileira; 305 tons; Meinhardt: 48 ds; 

llourto F. Clemente & Co. 
Genoa— \i\agZir Atttenio; 30110ns; Badano; 67 ds; sundries 

to E. Cresta & Co. 
Baltimore— Am lug Adda J. Bonner; 488 tons; Bonner; 76 

ds; sundries to Phipps Bros. & Co. 
LivKKrooL-— Am shp Virginia; 1,095 tons; Delano; 59 ds; coal 

Santos— Fr bg Joseph-; 170 tons; Chavaux; 3 ds; ballast; to 

MAY t. 

S. Nicolas— Port bg Pinheirtr. 193 tons; Goncalves; 13 ds; 
bran to A. Wagner. 


APRIL 22. 
Gasps— Br bg Dawn; 156 tons: Orsato; ballast. 
Lisbon f o.— Br lug Scotia; 174 tons; McFarlane; coffee. 

APRIL 23. 
Port Elizabeth — Br lug Jane Rennie, 197 tons; Hampton; 

Port Royal— Br bk Lady Gertrude; 499 tons; Braddon: b't. 
Baltimore— Am bk Grey Eagle; 44s tons; Lucas; coffee. 

APRIL 34. 
Marseilles— Br schr Reindeer; 388 tons; Campbell; coffee, 
Santos— It bk Francesco; 385 tons; Catanzano; salt, 

APRIL 36. 
Pondiciierry — Frbk Rose C; 41910ns; Guiraud; ballast. 

APRIL 37. 
Gaspe— Br bg Reaper; 139 tons; Syvrel; ballast. 
N. York— Grbk Molly; 29410ns; Weitts; coffee. 

APRIL 28. 
N. Youk— Ambk CVHrAv, 47010ns; Wiclterson; ballast, 
Pa ran ac, 1: a— Sp bg Betzabf, 137 tons; Reos; ballast. 

APRIL 30. 
LiSUON f ' o . —Big bg Merxem; 207 tons; Lome; coffee. 
Bahia- Am lug Franc Lambirth; 48910(15; Gray; ballast. 

Memnon, Br 
TvchoBrahe, Big 
Minho, Br 
PataRonia, I 
Senegal. Fr 
Buenos Ayres, Gr 
Valparaiso, Br 
Ville dc Bahia,Fr 
La Franc*, Fr 
Colorado, Am 
Teniers, Big 
Santos, Gr 
Sully, Fr 
Tagus, Br 


Liverpool* 300" 
River Plate* 10 
River Plate* 7 }4 
Valparaiso* i8d 
River Plate4#d 
Bahia, 3 
Santos adh 
Liverpool*, 33d 
Havre 1 i6d 
New York* 24 
River Plate 5 % 
Hamburg 24 d 
Santos, id 



Norton M'w & C 
Norton M'w & C 
Royal Mail 



Messagcries Mar. 

Ed. Johnston &C 

Wilson, Sons &C 


Norton M'w &C 
Ed. Johnston &C 
A. Leuba & Co 
Royal Mail 






April 21 

„ »3 
» 24 
11 >5 
.. 26 
„ 26 
1, 30 
„ 3° 
., 3° 

May 1 

Guadiana, Br 
Tycho Brahe, Big 
Minho, Br 
Patagonia, Br 
Memnon, Br 
Hipparchus, Big 
Buenos Ayres, Gr 
Teniers, Blg_ 
Valparaiso, Br 
Senegal, Fr 
Santos, Gr 

River Plate 


South' pton* 


New York 











Coffee . 







RIO DE JANEIRO, MA V 2, 1881. 


Snlly; Havre 2,600 

Expected to load : 
Gr sir Denderah, Havre, Hamburg 
„ Gro/Bismath, Antw., Bremen 

„ Santos, Hamburg ' 

llr str Tagus, South'n, Havre, 


April 23rrf, i88t. 
»,— Entries are now on a small scale. We quote 480 

■is per 10 kilos. 

MA V 1. 

N. Yosk— Br bk Ocean Beauty; 587 _ 

Am bk Carib; 399 tons; Russell: ballast. 

Bahia— Br bg Zeno; 390 i< 

Thompson; coftee. 


;; Roberts; ballast. 

—During the month of March there were 33 shipping ar- 
rivals at Para, and 32 departures. Twelve arrival* and 10 
departures were steamers . 

—The Dutch bg. Merxem, which left thin port on the 19th 
ult. with n cargo of coffee for Lisbon, returned on the 25th on 
account of the sickness of the captain. She sailed again on the 
30th tilt. 

.—The Fr. str. Equatenr, bringing anew shaft for the Fr. 
str. Si'm'gal, arrived at Bahia on the sind ultimo and pro- 
ceded thence to the River Plate. The Se'n/gnl, having com- 
pleted Iter repairs, left Bahia on the 25th ult. fur this port 
where she arrived on the aSlh. She here finished her out- 
ward voyage and returned to Europe on the 1st instant. 


lug A. Berwtnd 

ihp Laurens 

bg Aquidneck .. 

lug Spotless 

bk Templar — 
bk Serene ...... 

shp Galatea 

bg Chowan ..■■■ 
bug Grace Ands 

lug Alice 

lug Adda J. Bon. 

shp Virginia 


bg Octavio 


bk Albion 

bk Ardenlea.... 
bk Forest Groy- 
bg H. S Olive, 
shp Castle Roy. 
bk Compadre . 
bk Northern Star 
shp Gateacre 
shp Astracana 
bk Stimmerlee 
bk Unison — 
bk MagnaCharta 
shp County of A' 
bk Skerryvore . . 
bk George Gilroy 
bk Margarita. . . 

bk Essex 


bk Temple Bar, 

shp Viola 

bk H'umber . . 
bk Col. Adams 

bk Amicus 


bk Western Belle 
shp Asiana. 
bk Regia . 
bk M. J. Foley 
lug Ellen Holt .. 
shp Baron Aber' 

bk Ensign 

bk Longfellow .. 
shp Atmosphere. 


bk Fredericia .. 





bk Traitd'Uruon 

bk Sourabaya 
bk Payta ... 
bg Joseph . . . 


bk Germania. ... 


bg Mela 

lug Diana 

schr Albert...... 

bg Mette 

bk Braziteira 


lug Zio Antonio 



bg Aabine 

bk Palander 


bk Rapide 


bk Svalen... ... 

bk Harmonia... 
bk Alma....... 

bg Sylphide 


Liverpool . . 
Antwerp. . . 
Havre, .=.. 
Bordeaux . . 
Mancillek. . 
New York. 

. fr. 50 

Channel f. o... 

Gibraltar to.. 
U. S North.... 
lto South.. 

50<— 557 



Wilmin' ton 


New York 
New York 
Baltimore. . 
Bah i mo re. . 
Liverpool. . 

Paysandu . . 


Cardill .... 
Wilmin' tor 
London. . . . 

Liverpool. . 
Haiti mo re. . 
Melbourne , 

Antwerp . . 


Cardiff .... 
New York 
Glasgow. . 
Cardirl . . . 
Newport . 
New York 
Cardiff . . . 
Glasgow. . 
Newport . 
Newport . 


Toulon.. . 
Cardiff . . . 


Santos ... 

Mar" 9 

,, 24 


1 '30 

... 9 7 


bg Tiiumfo 
imk Oaria .... 
snik Guadelupe 
bg Almirande 
i'j| Conchita. . 
jg PupUla — 
bg Maria Angela 
smk San Mariano 
bg ludio . . 
bg Chile... 
bk Adela 

Eol J-ivenRozaluj 
g Nueva Vict'f 
bg Kecurso II. 
be Beli/ario . . . 
bg Francisco... 


shp Maiianna . 


vt Camponez... 

bg Destino 

lug Barcado Lag 
bk Formosa 
bk Miramar 
bk Cintra ., 
bg Pinheko 

To order. 
In distress 
__. C. Nathan & Co 
Wright & Co. 
Wright & Co. 
Phipps Bros & Co. 
CMcCulloch B.&C 
Watson Ritchie &C 
F. Clemente & Co 
Wright & Co. 
Phipps Bros. & Ca 
Rio Gas Co. 

Souza Ir'oS Rocha 

Rio Gas Co. 
D. Pedro II RR. 

II Wright & Castro 

McC. Beechcr & Co 
In distress. 
Rio Gas Co. ' 
Watson Ritchie &C 
L. Laureys 
In distress 
Norton Mcgaw&C 
Monteiro H. & Co. 
D, Pedro II RR. 
Wilson, Sons & Co. 
Wilson, Sons & Co. 
Faria Hollanda &C. 

Wilson. Sons & Co. 
Royal Mail 
Messagcries M aril's 

^s Bros. & Co. 
Zen ha 
Rio Gas Co 
Watson Ritchie &C 
To order. 
F. Clemente & Co 
J. G. lllius 

Setubal . . 
New Castle 

M •■•.i.He* 

A. L. 

Ritchie & Co. 
Pereira da S 

Potey Rabert & Co 
Visconde d' Abrigid a 
Wilson, Sons & Co. 
Fiorita & Tavolara 

I. de Maio 
Salt Island. 
London. .. 

Hartwig Wil'sen&C 

1 - M . Frias & Sons 
Wille Schmillinsky 
A. Wagner. 
Berla Cotrim & Co 

Francisco Clemente 

E. Cresta & Co 

To order. ' 
Phipps Bros, & Co. 
Dom Pedro II RR. 

Wilson, Sons & Co 

J. S: Zenha & Co. 

F. Clemente & Co. 
M. G. daSilveira 


Pay sand 1 

Mont' video 




B. Ayres. 

,;Mont video 

4JMont' video 

4 <Paysandu. 

g|B. Ayres. 

1 6 1 Paysandu 
17 1 Paysandu. 
21 ! Mont video 


7! Salt Island. 
13 Mont' video 
15 Pay sand 1 
il 9 Oporto . . 

15 Oporto 

24 Salt Island 

30 Oporto 

r 3 San Nicolas 

I. M. Frias ft Sons Figueiredo&C 
A.' Wagner 
Soiiza Iro & Rocha 
F- Figueredo&Co. 
A. Wagner. 
S. Hime& Zenha 
S. Hime ft Zenha 
Alexandre Wagner 
Alex. Wagner. 
J . Komaguera. 
CMcCulloch B. &C 
F. Figueiredo &Co. 
A. Leuba & Co 
J. M. Frias ft Filho 
Souza Ir & Rocha. 
J. Komaguera 

J. J. dos Reis & Go 
■*ont'.'Braga& Filho 
reitas & Miranda 

To order. . 

Mendes d'OliveiraSc 

"il. Bran & Co 
it &<T 

. M.M_ 

Alexander Wagner 

tB— — 1 









335.397, ">q$ooo 
1,990,400 000 

5,367,000 OOO 
9,733,600 000 

16,583,000 OOO 
7,300,000 OOO 

50,135,000 OOO 

'' 6 °/c " 

S % 
4 % 

■ 800 OOO 

500 OOO 

400 OOO 

900 000 

'600 OOO 
400 OOO 

500 OOO 

500 OOO 

_ _ 500 OOO 



9,151,600 oco 



119 600 000 

7,489,50a OM 

Provincial apolices or Rio tie Janeiro . . 

9*M % 

hoK % 

3,400,000 OOO 
44,830,000 OOO 





Banco do Braril 

Kui:il e Hyputhecario 


English (limited! e Mc KB 11 til 

Mercamil de Santos 

11.iiii.ii Predial, 

New London and Braziliai 
Banco do Com me rein 

debt m 11 r 



do preferred "b 


Campus .1 .*.. Selrasnin 

S Paulo e Kiode June 
do do with right 10 sulisid sin 
<lu ilo Mitnidinry shares 

L' Valcnciaun 


S Chrislovao 

Ui>tatir;.d fi'aroYn, 

S Pnulo 

IVlll.lllll.ini) , , 


S Ltiii-do Marnnhao . .. 

Porto Alogre. 




Bruxeltas . 
Cairn nrliaiios. . 


debenture* . 


Mane e Sapu'caia 


Rrazileir.ute Nnvegacfto 

Espirito S.ium c Campos 

Uniao NictlicruyeiiM 

WiSwiiV??. ''?.".!' :'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

Amazon Stenni Navigation . ■ 

I'liii, do ll-.|>irit.> Sniito (Cr.ii. 


Argos Kill 111 i ijtns « 

Garaniia....'. .' 

Nova Kegvncracao . 


i'i ■ ridcme 

Popular F 

Alluiica . 



M cicada Nictheroycnse.. 





Transports Marit. de !mv 

Bonds Marilimos 

Docas de Pedroll 

Ilraril Industrial 

1 Industriol 

ital Paranaensc 

Melluwumentos de .Santos 

Camiagcns t'lumineiuc 

Commercio e LaVoura 

Eeonomia (lavanderia) 

Associacao Commercial 

1'maw Hn mine use 

Minus de Cac^ipava 

A rc hi tec ton ica 

( Vt ropolilana 

Ecoiionhca Auxiliar 

Indus. Fluni (kiosq-ies) 

Paxtoril Aifncolae Industrial.. 

1,768 055 

7.»74 377 

j'.fr'o 816 

I56,;.i0 oui 
i()i,h6o Cai 


»uB.*i»7 496 

July 1B80 

.Jan. 18 


Jan. 1SS1 
Dec. iS8c 

June. 1877 
July 1880 

Dec, 1880 
Dec. 1879 



by James Authory Froude, 

(just published) ; 


and several other new and standard works. 

by Susan Coolidge, 

by Louisa M. Alcott; 
two charming tool, far children. 

No. S Rua S. Pedro, and floor. 



No. 48. Rua doOuvidor, 2nd Floor. 

AgtHt /or 

English Books, Periodicals and Newspaper*. 

Import and Commission Merchants 



Caixa no Corrth No. 115. 

A D R nvi!lnf«l "| 5ig, l men,S or » Ame ™an products. Machinery 
Agricultural Implements, Manufactured Goods, Hardware 
?£■■ ■?™^ Je ? IO X H a PP rovaI of tUeir New York house, fo 
trie prompt and satisfactory handling of which iliey posses 
unrivalled Facilities. 



Useful in every (Business Office. 

Metal-Bodied Rubber Type. 

An elastic, changeable type that can be set up and used with 
out delay unit us otien as occasion requires. 

J' n ^,!ffi h " , "«««>tii.»ietalbodie.upoa which rubber faces 
arc moulded and vulcnnired by a patented process. They 

qualities of rubber. In use they are 

Noiseless, and Print Perfectly. 

For business purposes they arc invaluable. They can he 
used in any manner 111 which the ordinary Rubber Stamps arc 
now used, except in die very large sizes. 

S. T. LONGSTRETH. Manufacturer of 
Rubber Printing and Dating Stamps, 
No. 8, Run S. Pedro. 
Rio de Janeiro, 



Jamaica Ginger. 

Purchasers of Brown's Ginger arc warned against piratical 
counterfeits intended lo be sold 011 the splendid reputation of this 
matchless article, All real Itrown's Ginger is prepared hy 
Frederick ISrown, Philadelphia, and llie lal>el bearing his 
name is itimrpurated with his private U. S, Internal Revenue 
Stamp, to coniiierfeit which is felony. 


For Traveler's use. 

For Summer Complaints. 

F01 Cramps and Colic. 

For Sea Sickness, Uaitsea. 

Stimulant: no reaction. 

Used by Army and A'avv. 

Used all over the -World. 

Con liter acts impure Water. 

Prevents Malai ial Disease. 

Delicious Summer Drink. 

, Excellent in Rheumatism. 

Everybody knows the value of "Brown's Ginger" as a 
household necessity and preventative v.i disease. lie sure your 
druggist gives yon the right kind— Brown's (linger, as describ- 
ed above. 

The weakness following long continued fever or any serious 
llness, is one ot the most serious as well as distressing symp- 
oms of convalescence. 

Alcoholic stimulants are objection able, as their use is always 
olbwcd by depression after die stimulating effect has passed 

Small bulk with no reaction is what is required, and the use 
of a teaspnonftil or two ot Brown's Ginger m a half lumbers 
ul of sweetened water very hot or ice cold, as preferred, mee- 
be want /Iroions Ginger sustains the strength, causes the 
km to act well, and promotes digestion. 

CENTRAL DEPOSIT: No. 8 Rua Sao Pedro 


ig4 (Broadway, New York. 

Export Agents 

The Rio News 

With the opening of the present year The Rio News was 
enlarged to an eight-pagc sheet, and improved in every depart- 
ment which experience hnsproved to be necessary to the inter- 
ests of a large mid influential community of English-speaking 
merchants and capitalists. These improvements have been 
cluelly effected in the 

Commercial Department, 

where every effort has been employed to gather reliable infor- 
mation andstatisiics and 10 so digest and arrange them as to 
best mcetthc needs of commercial men. In its 

Financial Department 

the Nitws will continue to report fully the movements and state 
oi the ,tock and exchange markets, thus making it a faithful 
index Of the year's transactions The sale ol bonds and stocks 
will be given for each day. It will also carefully note every 
legislative, administrative, orprtvateact which may in any sense 
affect the profitableness or security of investments, laits 

News Department 

it will aim to given full resume of nil the occurrences in this 
empire, and in so doing will be governed hy no private interest 
or fear. In its news gathering it will seek to represent things 
just as it finds them; in its comments it will aim to present its 
own opinions for which it will he willing to beheld responsible 

The following are a few selections from the comments with 
which we have been honored by out- con temporaries : 


1 the Monitor Ctntiptsta, Campos, Rio de Jar 

inauguration Tint Rio News has becime important 
and useful not only for the impartiality and high standard with 
which it treats all the topics of the day, kit also for the abund- 
ance if local and provincial notices jf Brazil, and of com medial 
information of the Rio de Janeiro market, the knowledge of 
which has conic to be necessary to every one in our own coun- 
try and the United States who would lollowthe discussion of 
public affairs and the news in Brazil. 

From theAVAu Municipal, Cachoeira, Sao Paulo, 

Besides the important articles of real interest which we find 
in the text, it contains an abundance of new items, which are 
largely devoted to this province. It contains also a special 
department in which the railways of the empire are exclusively 


The only Engineering Review published in Brazil. 

Devoted to the interests of.Bmn.ian engineers and engincer- 
.ng enterprises, and to ail co-ordinate subjects which aid in the 
industrial development of the country. 

It will contain a full record of all concessions granted by the 
government, and of their administration and condition. 

Owing to its large circulation among engineers in all parts o 
the empire, it will be found a valuable advertising medium. 

Published monthly. 

six months 

each number.. 

Advertising terms furnished on application. 
Address ; Redicciia da 


No. b8 KuadeGoncalves Dia; 
Caixa no Correio, No 731. Rio de Janeiro. 

Champion Agricultural Engines, Portable Saw and Grist 

Mills, and Standard Food-Chopping Machines 

made by the 

Waterous Engine Works {Ltd) 
of Canada; 

Moulding, Carving, Panelling, 

Dovetailing and other Wood-Working and Labor. 

Saving Machines of the 

Battle Creek Machinery Co. 
of Michigan ; 

Asbestos Board, Packing, and Materials nf the 

Asbestos Patent Fibre Co. {Lt'd) 
ol Philadelphia ; 

Barbed Wire Fencing of the 

American Fencing Co. 

From the Caseta da Tartie, Rio de Janeiro, 

This interesting organ of the llio press has constituted itself 
a resolute champion of the cause of emancipation, rendering 
the most decided and efficient support to the glorious inieiative 
of our illustrious friend, Deputy Joaquim Nahuco. The roar 
of the interests fed hy the immoral traffic in human flesh does 
not frighten this independent sheet which sees every day an 
increase in the number of its readers and earnest panegyrists, 
The whole English colony of Rio de Janeiro prize The Rio 
Nhws, and there are already many Brazilians who seek it for 
its very exact appreciation and judicious commentaries on all 
questions rotating to trie prosperity of Brazil. 

We wisli Tin; Rio News success and congratulate ourselves 
in seeing that itfights, wit|i great valor and excellent judg- 
ment, to save Hrniil, from the disgrace of possessing slaves in 
the last quarter of the nineteenth century. 

The existence of this important organ ot the preis is a 
splendid proof that it is not alone by the support of the slave- 
holders that a journal can live, 

From the Auxilladorda tmtnstria National, Rio de Janeiro 
Braril, which happily knows what is passing in the European 
and American social world, can not however make known what 
occurring within her interior and the progress under way, 
impelled rather by the active forces ofa splendid nature than hy 
the independent effort and i nit i a live of her sons. 

From this point of view, we can not fail to render homage to 
the distinguished editor of Tub Rio News who so faithfully 
transmits to the great American Union and to the European 
World the state of our social life, the political and economic 
questions which we are now discussing, the administrative and 
financial life of our provinces, and many other items of news 
which are worthy of all appreciation because of the discrimina- 
tion and judgment which has presided over them. 

I Authorised Agents for The Rio Nt?i 

From the A rihta, Rio Grande. 

We havealready had the pleasure of noticing that important 
organ of the press which, under the tide which we have taken 
for this epigraph ["The RioNews"], is published in the im- 
perial capital, especially devoted to the interests of a numerous 
and respectable colony represented by the sons of powerful 

I he sincere desire manifested in the prosperous growth of •■ 
the country by all those who so willingly reside in it, is a clear 
proof that on this American soil, where shines the Southern 
Cross, they have tound .1 second motherland. 

The good will bestowed upon our province, in honorable 
opinions, by our enlightened contemporary, Tim RioNews, 
oflering to us hs most valuable aid in calling attention to what 
meet our most vital needs, is without doubt a motive 
sufficient to have our unchanging gratitude. 

In order that we may make due return for the high ennsidera-. 
.on of our illustrious colleague, we place our limited service* 
t his free disposition. — May 37, 1S80. 
T11K.R10 News of July 15, the impoitant English journal 
published in the imperial capital, is occupied with various 
matters, all of political and social importance, rendering 
a valuable service not only 10 the colony in whose interests it 
isspecially zealous, but also to our Country, .appreciating with- 
out passion and with the greatest imp.vt.ality theW occur- 
rences which, through its medium, arc to be echoed in the old 
world.— July 36, ]8rk>. 

^jA-^U^-v-.j.',!, -■■•.■ -a j .;%..-: .-. , .^tJ/dv. \.v}*utei<&:i*lH-i^&ihi±ksi 



Export and Commission Merchants. 


P. O. Box No. 2364 

Facilitate the introduction into Brazil of American products, 
llachinery, Agricultural Implements, Railroad Supplies, Man. 
ufhetures' goods. Hardware, Dry Goods and specialities gen- 
erally suitable for or adaptable to the requirements of that 
country, by furnishing reliable infbrmaiion regnrdingthe special 
modes of preparing and packing merchandise, so essential to 
their profitable acceptation there, and hy means of their Rio de 
Janeiro House, bringing the American Producers and Manufac- 
urers into direct communication with the Brazilian merchants. 






lisbon, oporto, para, pe^nambuco, uahta, 

rio de janeiro, rio grande do su.l, 

and montevideo. 

Capital £ t,oco,ooo 

Capital paid up , 500,000 

Reserve fund ,■■. 140,000 

Draws on: 
Messrs. GLYN, k/LLS, CURRtE &* Co., 

Messrs. MALLET FRERES 6* Co., 


Messrs. J, H. SCHROEDER ** Co., 


*-* or 






Capital , £ 1,000,000 

Ditto, paid up L 500,000 

Reserve Fund ■ £ 140,000 

Draws on the London Joint Stock Bank and transacts 
every description of Uanltiiiff business. 



The Consecutive Rubber Dating Stamp 
Selftlnking Hand Stamp, 
Hie Pocket Pencil Stamp, 
The Compass Stamp, 
Fac -simile Autographs, 
Hand Stamps of every size and 

Metal-Bodied Rubber Type. 

For Merchants, Bankers nnd Professional Men and for all 
business purposes, these stamps are superior to any kind of 
hand stamp in use. They arc simple, durable, elastic, and 
they print easily and perfectly. They arc absolutely noiseless. 
For Family Use, in marking clothing, house and tabic linen, 
etc., with indelible ink, llicy arc in valuable. 
Monograms, autographs, etc., made In order. 

S. T, LONGSTRETH, Manufacturer, 
8 Rua de S. Pedro Rid de Janriho 


Licensed by the 



34, Rua do General Cumara, 34. 

Will visit shipping in the harbor. 

Office hours fioni 12 to 3 o'clock, p. tn. 30—6 



CAPITAL £ 2,000,000, 

Insures buildings, and goods of all descriptions at the most 
advantageous rates. 
For rates and other inlormation apply to 

Watson, (Ritchie <&* Co., 

No, 25, Run de Theoplrilo Ottoni. 


Agents in Rio Jane'no 

Phipps Brothers & Co. 

16 Rto do Vitconde de Inhauma. 


r* P. MACKIE & Co., Limited. 

Railroad, Tramway and Engin- 
eering Supplies and Materials. 

Contracts made for furnishing new lines with Rails, Bridges, 
Rolling Stock, Shop Machinery, Telegraph Supplies, etc.. at 
Manufacturer's lowest Rates. 

Designs and Estimates on application. 


The following manufacturers : 






NEW YORK, (7. S. A. 

""P G. DRILL & Co. 







TRENTON, N. J., V. S. A. 

DUNKIRK, N. Y., U. S. A. 






NEW HAVEN, Conn., U. S. A. 


Chas. Paul Mackic, Vic 

CAPITAL $300,000. 

Board of managers: 

Henry Sturgis Russell, Boston, U. S. A., President, Contin- 
ental Telephone Co.— Wm. H.Forbes, Boston, U. S. A., 
President, American Bell Telephone Co —Chas. Paul 
Mackie, Rio de Janeiro, C. P. Mackic k Co.— Then. N. 
Vait, New York, General Manager, A, I). T. Co.— Jas. H. 
Howard, Boston, U. S. A., Treasurer, Continental Telephone 

This company proposes to establish in this" city and its sub- 
urbs, and in Nitherohy, the same system of Genenil Telephonic 
Communication which is to-day so prominent a feature of com- 
mercial intercourse in New York, London and Paris. Under 
this system immediate and confidential verbal communi cation is 
had between any two residents of the territory covered, who may 
be subsc libers. 

The company will furnish all the apparatus, build the lines 
and maintain them at its own expense. Subscribers will be 
charged a fixed rental for the use of the lines, depending upon 
the distance Iran the central stations. The general basis of 
charges will be approximately that ruling in New York and 
London, making due allowance fur increased cost of construc- 
tion and operation. 

The tariff and regulations will be published at an early day, 
and the company expects to invite the signatures of intending 
patrons about the 15th Inst- 

besides its general system, the company is prepared to erect 
equip and maintain at its own cost, subject to the payment of a 
fixed annual rental, Private ■Line* between' any two edifices 
whose occupants may prefer to possess independent wires. 

Any information desired will be promptly furnished upon 
application to the office ol the company. 



Carrying the United Slates and Brazilian Mails 
Performs a regular monthly servi:e between New York and 
Rio de Janeiro, stopping at the intermediate ports of S 
Thomas, Pari, Pemambuco and Ilahia. The steamers. of thi 
line, 3,500 tons measurement each, are new and first-class in 
very particular, , 

Steamers will arrive and clear at tlii> port as follows: 

Steamer Commander Arrive Deport 


City of ltio de Jan 
City of Para 
City of Rio de Jar 


Capt. Lewis 
Capt. Crowell 
Capt. Lewis 

Apr. 39 
May 39 
June an 
July 39 

May 5 

July s 
Aug s 

:. class $150. 

Fare between New York and Rio de Jan 
General and Passage office, 

WILSON, SONS &• Co., Limited, 
No. 1 Praca das Mnrinhas. 


Under contracts with the British and Brazilian 
Governments jor carrying the mails. 



For freights and passages apply to 

E. W. MAY, Supi., 
Rua 1? de Marco No. 49. 



Successors of 

MUFO<k<b &■ Ll<bGE<kWO0<b, 

En gi netrs, Machinists, 

Importers of Machinery and Material for Agricultural 

and Industrial Establishments, and Cotton and Woolen Mills, 



No. 95, Rua do Ouvidor. 




Subscribed Capital : £%, ooo, ooo. 
' Capital faid up: £1,000,000. 

Total Funds : £4, g8i, 000. 
Total annual income: £488,000. 


Henry Ilulse Berens, Esq 
Director of the Bank of 
H'y Bon ham- Carter, Esq 
Barrister-at-Lavi, and 
Sitting Director. 
Chas. William Curtis, Esq 
Meters. Curiis's & Harvey. 
Charles F. Devas, Esq. 
Messrs. Nevitl, Druce 
S. Walter R.Farqnhar,Bt 

Messrs. /ferries, Farq- 
uMar 6> Co. 

Alban G. H. Gtbbs, Esq. 

Tames, Good son, Esq. 
Thomson Hankcy, Esq. 
Director of ike Bank of 

Richard Musgrave Har- 
vey, Esq. 

Messrs. Thomson, Han- 
key &• Co. 
Rt. Hon. John C. Hub- 
bard, m; p. 

Messrs. John Hubbanl 
&> Co.— Director of the 
Bank of England. 

Frederick H. Janson, Esq 

Messrs. Janson, Cobb & 
\ Pearson. 

Right Hon. G.J. Shaw 
Lefcvre, M, P, 

Beaumont W. Lub- 
bock, Esq. 

John B. Martin, Esq. 

Messrs, Martin &• Co. 
H'ry John Norman, Esq 

Director of the London 
&• Westminster Bank. 

David Powell, Jun., Esq. 

Messrs, Cotcswortk & 
Powell. —Director of the 
Bank of England. \ 

Augustus Prevost, Esq. 

Messrs. Mors is, Prevott 

■J.G.Talbot, Esq. M.P. 
Henry Vigne* Esq. 

The undo signed having been appointed Agents at 
Rio de Janeiro, are prepared to issue* Policies of 
Insurance OgnttUt Fire on the usual terms. 


No. fa, Rua i° de Marco. 

r\ C. JAMES. 

No. 8, RUA S. PEDRO. t " 

Agency and Commission House 
Railway Supplies a Specialty 

[No consignments received.] 

Brazilian Agency 
for the following well-known Am- 
erican establishments : 

WORKS, •", 

{Established, 1831) 

Proprietors. ,: 

These locomotive engines are adapted to every variety of ser- 
vice, and are built accurately to standard gauges and templates. 
Like parts of different engines ol same perfectly inter- 

l'amenger ami Freight Locomotive*, Mine Lovomo- 
Um, Narrow Gauge Locomotives, Steam Street Cava, 
etc., etc. * 

All 'work thoroughly guaranteed. 

Illustrated catalogue furnished on application ol customers. 



Manufacturers of all styles and qualities of 

Passenger, Mail and Freight Cars. 

This establishment is one of the largest in trie United States, 
and has furnished the cars for nearly all the narrow guagc 
railroads in the United States and Cuba, The cars of the Sao 
Paulcand Kiode Janeiro railway, the Ituana, the Mogyana, 
Niciheroyense and oilier narrow guage railways in Brazil are 
Iroin these well-known works. 


Treasurer, President 


(Established 1847) 

Caltowhill street, sixteenth to seventieth streets. 
Philadelphia, Fentt. 

Chilled cast iron wheels (steeled by the Hamilton process 
(or railways, street cars, and mines. Axles ofiron or steel. 
Illustrated catalogue furnished on application of customers. 










In the most artistic style, and in « building proof against fin 

. . , . „ , New York, February 6, 1879. 

At a meeting ot the Board of Trustees held this day, the 
following gentlemen were elected officers of this Company un- 
der us consolidation with the National and Continental Bank 
Note Companies : 

President Vice-Pres and Cm Mnm 


Vice-President Vice-President 


Vice-President Treasurer 


Secretary/,^ Ass' t Secretary 

I. K. MYERS, Ass't Treasurer. 

The Rio News 

Published three times a month for the Ametican and 
European mails. 

In entering upon its eighth volume— the third under its pres- 
ent title and management— the publishers of Xhb News bee 
leave to state tliai the same policy which has thus far been so 
successful in us editorial management, will be continued in the 
future without change. The results of this independent and 
impartial policy have been so highly satisfactory and the en- 
couragement for its continuance has been so general, that the 
publishers have been able to increase its size by one-third and 
to realm other improvements of great value to all business men 
interested in Brazilian trade. 

The policy of Thb Nkws will continue to be that of strict 
independence and impartiality, It will seek to obtain the 
earliest and most reliable information on all commercial topics, 
and 10 incorporate all staOs ileal information in such a manner as 
to give it a permanent value for reference. Its reports for the 
port of Rio de Janeiro will be made by men who are recognized 
experts in their several branches of uisiness. No pains will be 
■PS"?? u ! 1 .. ma K ,n * theM , "■*"«»' thoroughly accurate and 
reliable. Ihe absence of regular newspaper summaries of 
the trade of other Brazilian ports has thus far prevented Thb 
News .from keeping its readers fully informedon that subject 
ill* hoped that the difficulties in the way of accomplisW 
this purpose will soon be overcome, after which regular report* 
tromailtheleadingportsoflheempire will be given. 

In us general news columns and in its discussions of political 
and current topics Tmk News will seek to keep it* waders 
thoroughly informed and, to that end, tapresent every subject 
in ; a true light._ Its purpose is simply to keep its readers-men 
whose capital is invested or whose business is located in Brazil— 
cognizant ol every important event, of the general drift of pol- 
itical and social affairs, of the state of the markets, and of every 

which might affect die profit* ot business or the 
security and permanency of in — * 


One year's subscription. . . .' k$ooo- 

English and American subscriptions £ a an d $10 

Advertisements, 15$ per inch per quarter. 
llusincss cards, % inch, 10$ per quarter, 
All tubscrifthnt should -run with the caUndar year. 

— 8 Rua Sao Pedro. 

POST-OFFICE ADDRESS .-^Caisa w, CcneJo, N'rtt, 



■■■'. -'J' - 1 «''" '""."